3:45 PM - 4:00 PM
[AHW20-07] Estimation of Lacustrine Groundwater Discharge (LGD) via two paths in Lake Biwa, Japan
Keywords:Lacustrine Groundwater Discharge, deep groundwater, shallow groundwater
Radon radioisotope (Rn-222) concentrations were measured by a RAD7 at 500 m interval along the whole shoreline of the northern lake in the periods of irrigation and non-irrigation, and surface water samples were coincidently collected. Oxygen stable isotope ratio (δ18O), Chloride, anion and nutrients (nitrogen, phosphorus, and silicon) concentrations were analyzed in the laboratory In addition, groundwater, river, and headwater samples were collected at 20 sites.
Based on the comparative results with the seepage observations by Kobayashi (1993) and Rn-222 concentration, good correlation between Rn-222 concentration and seepage observation was confirmed. The LGD via shallow path was estimated by Rn-222 Budget model. At the sites of Yasu in southwestern, Hikone in southeastern and Takashima northwester, high seepage rates were indicated. Seasonal variation was confirmed to be large discharge during the irrigation period. High concentrations of dissolved phosphorus phosphate (> 0.1ppm) were detected from several wells out of 15 ones investigated.
In addition, Rn-222 concentrations in lake waters were measured in the surface and bottom layers at the 4 stations with different water depths (5m, 10m, 20m and 60m) from 2015 and to 2017. The highest Rn-222 was observed in the bottom layer at 20m-deep site in both periods. The LGD from offshore lake floor via deep path was suggested. The seepage values were estimated by the budget model.