Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[EE] Oral

A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences) » A-HW Hydrology & Water Environment

[A-HW20] Materials transport and nutrient cycles in watersheds; Human and climate impacts

Sun. May 20, 2018 3:30 PM - 5:00 PM 105 (1F International Conference Hall, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Mitsuyo Saito(Graduate School of Environmental and Life Science, Okayama University), Shin-ichi Onodera(Graduate School of Integrated and Arts Sciences, Hiroshima University), Takahiro Hosono(熊本大学大学院先導機構, 共同), Adina Paytan(University of California Santa Cruz), Chairperson:Paytan Adina(University of California, Santa Cruz)

3:45 PM - 4:00 PM

[AHW20-07] Estimation of Lacustrine Groundwater Discharge (LGD) via two paths in Lake Biwa, Japan

*Shin-ichi Onodera1, Mitsuyo Saito2, Syuhei Ban3, Guangzhe Jin4, Yusuke Tomozawa1, Noboru Okuda5 (1.Graduate School of Integrated and Arts Sciences, Hiroshima University, 2.Okayama University, 3.Shiga Prefecture University, 4.Guangdong Ocean University, 5.Research Institute of Human and Nature)

Keywords:Lacustrine Groundwater Discharge, deep groundwater, shallow groundwater

Lacustrine groundwater discharge (LGD) and nutrient flux into a lake has not been confirmed enough in terms of seasonal and spatial variation including those in deeper zone. Biwa Lake of biggest in Japan has different characteristics in northern and southern parts. In northern, the water depth varies up to 100m, and groundwater discharge is also expected not only in beach sides with shallower depth but in deeper zones. Our objective was to indicate spatial and seasonal variations of LGD and to compare with the results of seepage observations by Kobayashi (1993).

Radon radioisotope (Rn-222) concentrations were measured by a RAD7 at 500 m interval along the whole shoreline of the northern lake in the periods of irrigation and non-irrigation, and surface water samples were coincidently collected. Oxygen stable isotope ratio (δ18O), Chloride, anion and nutrients (nitrogen, phosphorus, and silicon) concentrations were analyzed in the laboratory In addition, groundwater, river, and headwater samples were collected at 20 sites.

Based on the comparative results with the seepage observations by Kobayashi (1993) and Rn-222 concentration, good correlation between Rn-222 concentration and seepage observation was confirmed. The LGD via shallow path was estimated by Rn-222 Budget model. At the sites of Yasu in southwestern, Hikone in southeastern and Takashima northwester, high seepage rates were indicated. Seasonal variation was confirmed to be large discharge during the irrigation period. High concentrations of dissolved phosphorus phosphate (> 0.1ppm) were detected from several wells out of 15 ones investigated.
In addition, Rn-222 concentrations in lake waters were measured in the surface and bottom layers at the 4 stations with different water depths (5m, 10m, 20m and 60m) from 2015 and to 2017. The highest Rn-222 was observed in the bottom layer at 20m-deep site in both periods. The LGD from offshore lake floor via deep path was suggested. The seepage values were estimated by the budget model.