Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[EE] Oral

A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences) » A-HW Hydrology & Water Environment

[A-HW20] Materials transport and nutrient cycles in watersheds; Human and climate impacts

Sun. May 20, 2018 3:30 PM - 5:00 PM 105 (1F International Conference Hall, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Mitsuyo Saito(Graduate School of Environmental and Life Science, Okayama University), Shin-ichi Onodera(Graduate School of Integrated and Arts Sciences, Hiroshima University), Takahiro Hosono(熊本大学大学院先導機構, 共同), Adina Paytan(University of California Santa Cruz), Chairperson:Paytan Adina(University of California, Santa Cruz)

4:30 PM - 4:45 PM

[AHW20-10] Stable Isotopes Reveal Anthropogenic Impacts on the Littoral Food Webs of Laguna de Bay, Philippines

*Elfritzson Martin Peralta1,3, Cybill Bacinillo2, Jesusa Christine Balani2, Shairah Basmala2, Earl John Serafin Calalin2, Maureen Althea Calleja2, Jennifer Bea Go2, Mariah Therese Gosiengfiao2, Francesca Anna Valdecañas2, Julie-An Gregorio4, Norman Mendoza5, Takuya Ishida6, Francis Magbanua4, Jonathan Carlo Briones1,2,3, Rey Donne Papa1,2,3, Noboru Okuda6 (1.Research Center for the Natural and Applied Sciences, University of Santo Tomas (UST), Philippines, 2.Department of Biological Sciences, UST, 3.The Graduate School, UST, 4.Institute of Biology, University of the Philippines, Philippines, 5.Philippine Nuclear Research Institute, 6.Research Institute for Humanity and Nature, Japan)

Keywords:trophic position, stable isotope analysis, food web, human population density, eutrophic lake

Freshwater ecosystems are currently threatened because of unsustainable urbanization. Human activities in catchment alter lake and marine ecosystems through rivers. Especially in developing countries, lake ecosystems in urban areas are heavily affected by industry, sewage, household wastes, and deforestation. Driven by rapid population growth in the Philippines, Laguna de Bay (LDB) is highly suitable test ecosystem to further understand how anthropogenic disturbances impact biological communities and trophic relations in lakes. We aim to assess such impacts using land use data and human population density (HPD) of each catchment surrounding the LDB. Moreover, we use carbon (δ13C) and nitrogen (δ15N) stable isotope analysis to examine how human activities in the catchment affect water quality, and in turn, littoral food webs at 30 sites of the LDB. In all these sites, we measured total nitrogen and total phosphorus as indicators for nutrient loadings from the catchment and total dissolved solids, dissolved oxygen, conductivity, pH, salinity, temperature as physico-chemical environments. We collected biological samples zoobenthos, phytoplankton, meio- and macrozooplankton, and Oreochromis niloticus. We also collected epilithic organic matter (EOM) and particulate organic matter (POM) as basal resources of littoral food webs. We measured δ13C and δ15N for these samples. With an 82% cumulative variance from PC1 and PC2, principal component analysis successfully clustered sites according to its bays (Central, West, East, and South). The results showed that the sites in the Central and West Bays are more disturbed than the ones in the East and South Bays which is reflected in the water quality parameters and community structures of mollusks and zooplankton around LDB. Ultimately, significant variation (Kruskal Wallis H test, P < 0.01) among the trophic levels of benthic and pelagic primary consumers (mollusks and zooplankton, respectively) and O. niloticus between sites was observed which may indicate heterogeneity of water quality due to varying degrees of anthropogenic disturbances. Our isotope data on food webs provide clarity and evidence on the link between human activities and food web properties in the lake ecosystem.