Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[EE] Oral

A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences) » A-HW Hydrology & Water Environment

[A-HW20] Materials transport and nutrient cycles in watersheds; Human and climate impacts

Mon. May 21, 2018 10:45 AM - 12:15 PM Convention Hall B (CH-B) (2F International Conference Hall, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Mitsuyo Saito(Graduate School of Environmental and Life Science, Okayama University), Shin-ichi Onodera(Graduate School of Integrated and Arts Sciences, Hiroshima University), Takahiro Hosono(熊本大学大学院先導機構, 共同), Adina Paytan(University of California Santa Cruz), Chairperson:Onodera Shin-ichi(Graduate School of Integrated Arts and Sciences, Hiroshima University)

11:45 AM - 12:00 PM

[AHW20-22] Nitrogen in groundwater of agricultural areas in São Paulo State, Brazil

*Mitsuyo Saito1, Norio Tase2, Fernando Saraiva3, Rafael Terada3, Ricardo Hirata3, Edson Wendland4, Shin-ichi Onodera5, Yusuke Tomozawa5, Masato Fukuoka5 (1.Graduate School of Environmental and Life Science, Okayama University, 2.College of Education, Ibaraki University, 3.Institute of Geoscience, University of São Paulo, 4.São Carlos School of Engineering, University of São Paulo, 5.Graduate School of Integrated Arts and Sciences, Hiroshima University)

Keywords:Nitrogen, Groundwater, Agricultural area, Brazil

Nitrogen inputs to natural environments by human activities such as application of nitrogen fertilizers in agricultural area cause various environmental problems. Many previous studies have reported severe nitrate contamination of groundwater and surface water in large-scale agricultural areas in USA, Europe and so on. Brazil is also one of the world’s leading agricultural producer. However, the impact of agricultural activities on groundwater environment has not been well evaluated. In the present study, we aimed to confirm the current status for nitrogen in groundwater of agricultural area in São Paulo State, Brazil.

São Paulo state is located southeastern part of Brazil. Mean annual temperature is 19 ℃ and rainfall is 1,400 mm in São Paulo city. Field surveys were conducted in three agricultural areas (Rio Claro, Pirassununga and São Carlos) in São Paulo State. These areas are mainly cultivated by sugarcane, citrus and eucalyptus. The Guarani Aquifer, one of the world’s largest aquifer system covers the São Carlos area. Groundwater and surface water samples have been collected every about 2 months in Rio Claro and Pirassununga from September 2016 to November 2017, and the intensive field campaigns were conducted in September and December 2017 in São Carlos. The samples have been analyzed for nutrients (nitrogen, phosphorus and silicate), major anions and cations, stable isotope ratios of nitrogen and oxygen (δ15N and δ18O) for nitrate (NO3-).
The results show that concentrations of nitrate-nitrogen (NO3--N) in groundwater in eucalyptus, grassland and natural vegetation (cerrado) areas were totally low (< 1.0 mg L-1) with little seasonal variation. However, it was significantly higher in agricultural areas (citrus and sugarcane) with nearly 10 mg L-1 in some sites. δ15N and δ18O for NO3- suggest that the source of NO3- in groundwater is nitrogen fertilizer and manure in these areas.