Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[EE] Poster

A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences) » A-HW Hydrology & Water Environment

[A-HW22] Hydrological Cycle and Water Environment

Thu. May 24, 2018 1:45 PM - 3:15 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall7, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Seiya Nagao(Institute of Nature and Environmental Technology, Kanazawa University), Isao Machida(Geological Survey of Japan), Shin'ichi Iida(国立研究開発法人森林研究・整備機構森林総合研究所森林研究部門森林防災研究領域水保全研究室, 共同), Takeshi Hayashi(Faculty of Education and Human Studies, Akita University)

[AHW22-P13] Long-term groundwater storage changes and land subsidence development in the North China Plain (1971-2015)

Huili Gong1,2, Yun Pan1,2, *Longqun Zheng1,2, Xiaojuan Li1,2, Lin Zhu1,2, Chong Zhang3,4, Zhiyong Huang5, Zhiping Li6, Haigang Wang7, Chaofan Zhou1,2 (1.Beijing Laboratory of Water Resources Security, Capital Normal University, Beijing 100048, China., 2.College of Resource Environment and Tourism, Capital Normal University, Beijing 100048, China., 3.State Key Laboratory of Earth Surface Processes and Resource Ecology, Faculty of Geographical Science, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China, 4.Institute of Land Surface System and Sustainable Development, Faculty of Geographical Science, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China, 5.Department of Earth Sciences, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China., 6.Beijing Institute of Hydrogeology and Engineering Geology, Beijing 100048, China., 7.China Geological and Environmental Monitoring Institute, Beijing 100081, China.)

Keywords:Over-abstraction, Subsidence, Drought, GRACE, InSAR

The North China Plain (NCP) has been suffering from groundwater storage (GWS) depletion and land subsidence for a long period. This paper collects data of GWS changes and land subsidence from in situ groundwater-level measurements, literature, and satellite observations to provide an overview of the evolution of the aquifer system during 1971-2015 with a focus on the sub-regional variations. It is found that the GWS shows a prolonged declining rate of -17.8±0.1 mm/yr during 1971-2015, with a negative (positive) correlation to groundwater abstraction before (after) 2000s. Statistical correlations between subsidence rate and GWS anomaly (GWSA), groundwater abstraction, and annual precipitation show that the land subsidence in three sub-regions (Beijing, Tianjin, and Hebei) represents different temporal variations due to varying driven factors. Continuous drought caused intensive GWS depletion (-76.1±6.5 mm/yr) and land subsidence in Beijing during 1999-2012. Negative correlations between total groundwater abstraction and land subsidence exhibited after 1980s indicating that it may be questionable to infer subsidence from regional abstraction data. Instead, the GWSA generally provides a reliable correlation with subsidence. This study highlights the spatio-temporal variabilities of GWS depletion and land subsidence in the NCP under natural and anthropogenic impacts.