9:35 AM - 9:50 AM
[AHW23-03] Groundwater flow system in Fukushima Prefecture, Japan, traced by tritium-3He, 4He and 14C dating methods and 129I/127I ratio
Keywords:tritium-3He age, 14C age, 4He age, 129I/127I ratio, oxygen and hydrogen stable isotope ratio, Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant
A high 3H concentration of 9 T.U. associated with the age consistent with the date of the nuclear accident within analytical error was observed at only one of the 27 sampling sites. Some samples with which 3H-3He ages were determinable showed significantly older 14C and/or 4He ages than the upper limit of 3H-3He method, indicating mixing between recent and old water. For some samples, measured 14C ages were older than those estimated from mixing ratios of old and recent water based on their 3H concentrations, which suggests additional “dead” carbon supplies from their aquifer. The 129I/127I ratios of almost all samples were lower than the recent precipitations  but significantly higher than the lower limit of the value of anthropogenic iodine (1.5 x 10-12) , indicating mixing of older water than 1950’s to the recent water. Until the present, the apparent groundwater contamination due to the nuclear accident has not been confirmed except at the single site with high 3H and less than 10 years residence time, though the possibility that polluted water might discharge in the future cannot be ruled out.
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