Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[EJ] Oral

A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences) » A-HW Hydrology & Water Environment

[A-HW23] Residence time of groundwater / surface water and water / mass cycle processes in watershed

Thu. May 24, 2018 1:45 PM - 3:15 PM 104 (1F International Conference Hall, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Maki Tsujimura(Faculty of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Tsukuba), Shigeru Mizugaki(PWRI Public Works Research Institute), Masanori Katsuyama(京都大学農学研究科, 共同), Maksym Gusyev(International Centre for Water Hazard Risk Management, Public Works Research Institute), Chairperson:Tsujimura Maki, Mizugaki Shigeru

2:00 PM - 2:15 PM

[AHW23-07] Comparison of controlling factors of streamwater mean residence time across headwater catchments using water stable isotope

*Masanori Katsuyama1, Hirokazu Haga2, Keitaro Fukushima3, Tomoki Oda4, Masamitsu Fujimoto5, Ken'ichi Osaka6, Ryohei Nagano7 (1.Center for the Promotion of Interdisciplinary Education and Research, Kyoto University, 2.Faculty of Agriculture, Tottori University, 3.Center for Ecological Research, Kyoto University, 4.Graduate school of agricultural and Life science, The University of Tokyo, 5.College of Science and Engineering, Ritsumeikan University , 6.School of Environmental Science, The University of Shiga Prefecture, 7.Natural Environmental Engineering Department, Technical Research Institute, Obayashi Corporation)

Keywords:Headwater catchments, Mean residence time, Water isotope, Inverse transit time proxies, Geomorphic parameters, Hydrological parameters

The estimation of mean residence time (or mean transit time) with stable isotope is conducted based on the phenomena that the tracer output signal (groundwater and/or streamwater) is damped and lagged compared to the input signal in rainfall as the result of water transport within the catchment. The long-term and continuous isotope data is necessary to apply this method for precise estimations in each catchment. This fact is sometimes a difficulty for the inter-comparison of mean residence time between the sites. To overcome this difficulty, the inverse transit time proxies (ITTPs) were proposed by a simple metric of isotopic tracer damping, using the ratio of standard deviation of d18O in streamwater to the standard deviation of d18O in precipitation, and applied in some studies. The smaller ITTPs stand for the longer mean residence time. In this study, we applied this index for 25 headwater catchments from 8 sites in Japan to compare the controlling factors of streamwater mean residence time across the catchments considering geomorphic and hydrological parameters. The weak relationship between catchment area and ITTPs was found that the ITTPs varied between the smaller catchments and converged to smaller ITTPs values in the larger catchments. We considered the relationship between ITTPs and relative height, mean slope gradient G, flow path length L, L/G, and topographic index TPI as geomorphic parameters, although the availability of these parameters were different between the sites. The parameter values were similar in each site and we could not find the clear relationship between ITTPs and these parameters. Within them, the relationship between ITTPs and L/G, which was available in three sites, were similar to that with the catchment area; the ITTPs varied between the smaller L/G and converged to smaller ITTPs values with the larger L/G. As the G values were similar within the same site, this relationship was mainly controlled be the L values. On the other hand, the relationship between ITTPs and the standard deviation of annual daily discharge showed that the ITTPs were relatively constant regardless of discharge fluctuation. Generally, the discharge patterns are controlled by the bedrock geology. However, it is implied that the variation of discharge rate less effect on the variation of isotope values, and accordingly on the difference of the mean residence time. In the next step, we will consider if we can find some common controlling factors, and/or the key mechanisms, of mean residence time across the sites.