Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[JJ] Poster

A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences) » A-HW Hydrology & Water Environment

[A-HW24] Hydrological change after the 2016 Kumamoto earthquake

Tue. May 22, 2018 10:45 AM - 12:15 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall7, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Jun Shimada(Graduate school of Science and Technology, Kumamoto University), Kei Nakagawa(Graduate School of Fisheries Science and Environmental Studies, Nagasaki University), Takahiro Hosono(熊本大学大学院先導機構, 共同), Takeshi Hayashi(Faculty of Education and Human Studies, Akita University)

[AHW24-P05] Change of microbial community in groundwater after the 2016 Kumamoto earthquake

Shigeru Morimura1, *Naoki Noboru1, Xiangyong Zeng1, Yoshiumi Takeshita1, Takahiro Hosono1, Jun Shimada1 (1.Kumamoto University)

Keywords:groundwater, microbial community, clone analysis

Introduction: Kumamoto City is the largest groundwater utilization region in Japan. About 0.75 million people in the city depend entirely on groundwater as the source of drinking water. The Kumamoto groundwater studying area was defined mainly two lines. One is the flow line from Mount Aso to the Ariake Sea through Lake Ezu (A line), and the other is the line from Ueki highlands to the the Ariake Sea through Shira River (B line). There exit hotspots of nitrification in the middle area of B line, where concentration of nitrate decreased drastically. After the occurrence of continuous Kumamoto earthquake on April 2016, not only the physicochemical parameters but microbial community would be changed. In this study, microbial communities of total bacteria and denitrifying bacteria in Kumamoto groundwater after earthquake were analyzed and compared with those before earthquake.
Materials and methods: Four samples (B-S, B-IS, B-ID, A-W) were collected from 2 sites (B-I, B-S) in B line and 1 site (A-W) in A line. B-I and B-S are located inside of denitrification hotspot, while A-W as a control is outside of the hotspot. The extraction of total DNA from 4 filtered samples was performed with the PowerWater Sterivex DNA Isolation Kit (MO BIO). Partial bacterial 16S rRNA and nirS genes were amplified with 27F/518R and nirS-1F/6F primer sets, respectively, during PCR amplification. After PCR products were ligated with T- vector and transformed into Escherichia coli DH5α, plasmid extraction was subsequently performed. Restriction enzyme set EcoRI/PstI were used to verify the positive clones for sequencing. These obtained clones and their nearest strains by BLAST were used to perform phylogenetic analysis.
Results and discussion: It was clear that β-Proteobacteria decreased while Actinobacteria increased after earthquake. Specifically, α-Proteobacteria and β-Proteobacteria account for 23% and 32% of total sequences, respectively, before earthquake. Their ratios reduced to 6% and 17% after earthquake. On the contrary, the ratio of Firmicutes and Actinobacteria rose from 15% and 1% to 29% and 13%, respectively. In the genus level, the microbial variety performed large distinction before/after earthquake. For example, before earthquake, methylotrophic bacteria such as Methylomonas, Methylobacter, Methylotenera and Methylobacterium were widely distributed in groundwater samples. However, the salt-tolerant bacteria and general bacteria in human life were found in the period of post-seismicity. The nirS gene of denitrifying bacteria could not be amplified after earthquake, although it was strongly amplified before earthquake. The isolated denitrifying bacteria from sample B-IS/ID and B-S were (per)chlorate-reducing bacteria Dechlorosoma suillum PS and autotroph Sulfuricella denitrificans-like bacteria. The obtained bacteria such as (per)chlorate - reducing bacteria in the groundwater offered one possibility that the contaminants passed through the aquifers due to breakage of aquiclude caused by earth shock. Despite of low number, the existing data still can provide some clues for insight into the effects of earthquake on the microbial community in subsurface environments.