Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[EE] Oral

A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences) » A-OS Ocean Sciences & Ocean Environment

[A-OS09] Marine ecosystems and biogeochemical cycles: theory, observation and modeling

Wed. May 23, 2018 1:45 PM - 3:15 PM 105 (1F International Conference Hall, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Shin-ichi Ito(Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo), Takafumi Hirata(Faculty of Environmental Earth Science, Hokkaido University), Eileen E Hofmann (共同), Enrique N Curchitser (Rutgers University New Brunswick), Chairperson:Ito Shin-Ichi(The University of Tokyo)

2:15 PM - 2:30 PM

[AOS09-14] Reconstruction of experienced temperature in early stage of chub mackerels Scomber japonicas by otolith oxygen isotope measurement

*Tomihiko Higuchi1, Toyoho Ishimura2, Yasuhiro Kamimura3, Shirai Kotaro1, Hana Shindo2, Kozue Nishida2, Kosei Komatsu1, Shin-ichi Ito1 (1.Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo, 2.National Institute of Technology, Ibaraki College, 3.National Research Institute for Fisheries Science, Fisheries Research and Education Agency)

The growth of chub mackerel is influenced by marine environment such as water temperature. It has been reported that the growth rate of the juvenile has a positive correlation between the sea surface temperatures. However, the water temperature that chub mackerel juvenile actually experiences is not directly observed, and the growth and the experienced environment are not compared. In this study, oxygen stable isotope (δ18O) of chub mackerel otolith in early stage were analyzed and the experienced temperature was estimated. Larvae and juveniles of chub mackerel Scomber japonicus were collected in the western North Pacific. After measuring fork length, radius of otolith, number of daily rings and otolith daily growth rate, δ18O were analyzed with isotope ratio mass spectrometer for whole of otolith samples from 2004 to 2015 (10-20 samples per year, excluding 2006). For the juveniles, the δ18O value was positively correlated with the radius of otolith (R=0.73, n=130). It shows a high δ18O value as the otolith size increases. On the other hand, δ18O decreases with the growth of otolith during the larval stage (R=-0.54, n=31). The yearly trend was small and measured values were widely distributed. From the cluster analysis for the initial growth rate, the six clusters (CL*1 – CL*6) resulted. CL*5, 6 (showing high growth) showed higher otoliths δ18O than CL*1, 2 (showing low growth) and it was suggested that CL*5, 6 experienced the lower water temperature range. When converting the difference of otolith δ18O to the water temperature, CL*5, 6 experienced low water temperature as about 1.1 °C. Therefore, it was shown that a positive spiral, in which individuals with high initial growth proactively entered to the low water temperature area and obtained high nutritious diet.