Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[EE] Oral

A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences) » A-OS Ocean Sciences & Ocean Environment

[A-OS12] Continental-Oceanic Mutual Interaction: Planetary scale Material Circulation

Tue. May 22, 2018 10:45 AM - 12:15 PM 106 (1F International Conference Hall, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Yosuke Alexandre Yamashiki(Earth & Planetary Water Resources Assessment Laboratory Graduate School of Advanced Integrated Studies in Human Survivability Kyoto University), Yukio Masumoto(Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo), Swadhin Behera(Climate Variation Predictability and Applicability Research Group, Application Laboratory, JAMSTEC, 3173-25 Showa-machi, Yokohama 236-0001, 共同), Takanori Sasaki(Department of Astronomy, Kyoto University), Chairperson:Masumoto Yukio, Sasaki Takanori(Department of Astronomy, Kyoto University)

10:45 AM - 11:00 AM

[AOS12-07] The inner edge of the habitable zone considering the distribution of surface water

★Invited Papers

*Takanori Kodama1, Hidenori Genda2, Ryouta O'ishi1, Ayako Abe-Ouchi1, Yutaka Abe3 (1.Division of Climate System Research, Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, The Univ. of Tokyo, 2.Earth-Life Science Institute, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 3.Department of Earth and Planetary Science, The univ. of Tokyo)

Keywords:Habitable planets, exoplanets

Recently, the advancement of observation technologies has facilitated an increase in the number of extrasolar planets detected. Some of these planets are considered to be terrestrial planets. Liquid water is one of the most important materials affecting the climate and habitability of a terrestrial planet and thought to be necessary for the emergence and evolution of life on the surface of planets. The habitability of extrasolar planets has been actively discussed.
It is typical to assume that habitable planets, like the Earth, have liquid water on the planetary surface. The habitable zone has been defined as the region around the central star where liquid water is stable on the planetary surface. On most of the previous studies, they used one-dimensional climate model and estimated the habitable zone. Recently, estimates using three-dimensional climate models have begun.
We focus on the distribution of surface water on the planetary surface and investigate the inner edge of the habitable zone using three-dimensional climate model (the general circulation model: GCM). As results, we recognized two climate regimes: the land planet regime, which has dry low latitude and wet high latitude regions, and the aqua planet regime, which is globally wet as previous studies have already shown. We showed that each regime is controlled by the width of the Hadley circulation. We found that the inner edge of the habitable zone varies continuously with the surface water distribution from 130% (an aqua planet) to 180% (the extreme case of a land planet) of the present insolation at Earth’s orbit. Our results indicate that the inner edge of the habitable zone is not a single sharp boundary, but a border whose location varies depending on planetary surface condition.
In this talk, we review the habitability of exoplanets and discuss the relationship between the distribution of surface water and habitable climates using our resent results.