Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[EE] Oral

A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences) » A-OS Ocean Sciences & Ocean Environment

[A-OS12] Continental-Oceanic Mutual Interaction: Planetary scale Material Circulation

Tue. May 22, 2018 10:45 AM - 12:15 PM 106 (1F International Conference Hall, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Yosuke Alexandre Yamashiki(Earth & Planetary Water Resources Assessment Laboratory Graduate School of Advanced Integrated Studies in Human Survivability Kyoto University), Yukio Masumoto(Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo), Swadhin Behera(Climate Variation Predictability and Applicability Research Group, Application Laboratory, JAMSTEC, 3173-25 Showa-machi, Yokohama 236-0001, 共同), Takanori Sasaki(Department of Astronomy, Kyoto University), Chairperson:Masumoto Yukio, Sasaki Takanori(Department of Astronomy, Kyoto University)

11:30 AM - 11:45 AM

[AOS12-10] Numerial simulation of tidally induced internal heat generation using SPH and its application for internal ocean formation

*keiya murashima2, Natsuki Hosono3, Yosuke Alexandre Yamashiki1 (1.Earth & Planetary Water Resources Assessment Laboratory Graduate School of Advanced Integrated Studies in Human Survivability Kyoto University, 2.Faculty of Science, Kyoto University, 3.JAMSTEC)

Keywords:Titan , Internal ocean, SPH

There are some traces of Inner-Sea in Icy moon found in our Solar System, like a plume of water vapor of Europa acquired by Hubble Space Telescope and Tiger Stripes of Enceladus observed by the Cassini. Since liquid water is essential for the origin of life, it is important to understand the system of the development of Inner-Sea in Icy moon.

It is considered that the tidal heating caused by tidal acceleration melt inner icy layer resulting the presence of liquid water beneath its surface. In order to account the presence of liquid water, we need to understand the distribution of inner energy and consequently liquid water. This requires carrying out fluid numerical calculation adding tidal heating. Therefore, we introduced viscous term being proportional to pressure to SPH (Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics) simulations.

At the first step to check the effect of the viscous term, we performed SPH simulations of the tidal heating in the case that tidal deformation is relatively large. We rotated differentiated Titan-size object around Saturn-mass material point with the orbital radius being 1.1 times of its Roche limit. As a result, we found that the thermal energy increased in the inner region of icy layer. It should also be noted that, using the current numerical resolution it is too coarse to represent theoretical thickness of internal ocean.