Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[JJ] Oral

A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences) » A-OS Ocean Sciences & Ocean Environment

[A-OS15] Dynamics of oceanic and atmospheric waves, vortices, and circulations

Sun. May 20, 2018 9:00 AM - 10:30 AM 105 (1F International Conference Hall, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Ryo Furue(APL/JAMSTEC), Yuki Tanaka(Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo), Yukiharu Hisaki(琉球大学, 共同), Norihiko Sugimoto(Keio University, Department of Physics), Chairperson:Sugimoto Norihiko, Furue Ryo

9:00 AM - 9:15 AM

[AOS15-01] Development and application of neighbour enclosed area tracking

★Invited Papers

*Masaru Inatsu1 (1.Faculty of Science, Hokkaido University)

Keywords:extratropical cyclones, image processing

Most of conventional cyclone tracking algorithms have been developed with an identification of cyclone centre and a minimisation of distance of the centre between guess and observation. This study developed a novel tracking algorithm characterised by the tracking for an overlapping image between adjacent timeframes as an application of connected component labelling technique in the image processing field. This algorithm enabled us to evaluate merge and split of cyclones that have not identified in conventional algorithms. Climatological merge is frequent in the east of Japan, especially along Kuroshio Extention region, and climatological split often occurs in the eastern North Pacific and the North Atlantic, where the wave mean-flow interaction is active. This feature is consistent with previous synoptic analyses. This algorithm also explored a shape of eddies by fitting an enclosed area into an oval. The analysis for upper tropospheric eddies in Northern Hemisphere winter revealed that the eddy orientation was correlated with the eddy momentum transport, or the Arctic Oscillation index. This algorithm was moreover applied to the tracking of tropical cyclones and that of oceanic meso-scale eddies.