Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[JJ] Oral

A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences) » A-OS Ocean Sciences & Ocean Environment

[A-OS15] Dynamics of oceanic and atmospheric waves, vortices, and circulations

Sun. May 20, 2018 9:00 AM - 10:30 AM 105 (1F International Conference Hall, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Ryo Furue(APL/JAMSTEC), Yuki Tanaka(Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo), Yukiharu Hisaki(琉球大学, 共同), Norihiko Sugimoto(Keio University, Department of Physics), Chairperson:Sugimoto Norihiko, Furue Ryo

10:15 AM - 10:30 AM

[AOS15-06] Bottom flow formation accompanied by the baroclinic instability in the downstream region of the Soya Warm Current during summer

*Tatsuro Karaki1, Humio Mitsudera2, Shinichiro Kida3 (1.Graduate School of Environmental Science, Hokkaido University, 2.Institute of Low Temperature Science, Hokkaido University, 3.Research Institute for Applied Mechanics, Kyushu University)

Keywords:the Soya Warm Current, baroclinic instability, bottom flow, form stress

Driving mechanism of the Soya Warm Current during summer is investigated using an idealized model. The Soya Warm Current is an ocean current flowing along the northeastern coast of Hokkaido, Japan, and we focus on its bottom flow downstream from the Soya Strait. Analysis shows that momentum is produced in the vicinity of a coastal slope due to eddy generation accompanied by internal instabilities of a baroclinic jet flow: eddy kinetic energy resulting from the release of mean available potential energy associated with baroclinic instability is transferred from upper-layer down to bottom surface by the form stress on density interfaces, so that the conversion from the eddy energy into mean kinetic energy occurs near the bottom. The bottom drag in the along-isobath direction then increases approximately to the same strength as the form stress. The surface pressure gradient cannot account for the bottom flow formation since the along-isobath SSH gradient almost vanishes far downstream from the inflow region.