Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[EE] Oral

B (Biogeosciences) » B-AO Astrobiology & the Origin of Life

[B-AO01] Astrobiology

Tue. May 22, 2018 9:00 AM - 10:30 AM 101 (1F International Conference Hall, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Hikaru Yabuta(Hiroshima University, Department of Earth and Planetary Systems Science), Seiji Sugita(Department of Earth and Planetary Science, Graduate School of Science Sciece, The University of Tokyo), Misato Fukagawa(名古屋大学, 共同), Fujishima Kosuke(Tokyo Institute of Technology, Earth-Life Science Institute), Chairperson:Sugita Seiji(東京大学大学院 理学系研究科), Fukagawa Misato(名古屋大学大学院 理学研究科)

9:30 AM - 9:55 AM

[BAO01-02] Biosynthetic pathways for pigments absorbing visible and near-infrared light in phototrophs

★Invited Papers

*Yusuke Tsukatani1 (1.Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology)

Keywords:near-infrared light, photosynthetic pigment, red dwarf

Planets around red dwarfs are important targets to discover habitable zone and to observe extrasolar biomarker/biosignature. One of biomarker candidates is reflection spectrum called “red edge” which is caused by photosynthetic light absorption around the surface of planets. Light wavelength dominant around red dwarfs has been thought to be in the near-infrared region, and therefore the red edge seen there has been considered to be influenced by photosynthetic activities utilizing near-infrared light. However, a recent study hypothesized that near-infrared light is absorbed by the water column and that primitive phototrophs emerging in deep water use visible light wavelength dominated in the water. By deeply considering the hypothesis, the photosynthetic organisms using visible light would then evolve to use near-infrared light concomitantly with adaptation to surface water/terrestrial life. The course of evolution on light wavelength utilization would be first visible light then near-infrared light. Our research group has studied on the pigment biosynthesis enzyme called COR which works at the committed step for the final pigment product absorbing visible or near-infrared light. I will introduce various characteristics and evolution of COR in the presentation. Study on pigment biosynthesis and evolution on photosynthetic light utilization will aid in determining wavelength region for detecting red edge.