Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[JJ] Oral

B (Biogeosciences) » B-BG Biogeosciences & Geosphere-Biosphere Interactions

[B-BG02] Interrelation between Life, Water, Mineral, and Atmosphere

Mon. May 21, 2018 9:00 AM - 10:30 AM 101 (1F International Conference Hall, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Ken Takai(Extremobiosphere Research Center, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science & Technology), Kentaro Nakamura(Department of Systems Innovation, School of Engineering, University of Tokyo), Yuichiro Ueno(東京工業大学大学院地球惑星科学専攻, 共同), Yohey Suzuki(Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo), Chairperson:Ueno Yuichiro(Tokyo Tech.), Suzuki Yohey

9:35 AM - 9:50 AM

[BBG02-03] Photochemical synthesis of Amino Acid from Nitrous Oxide on Early Mars

*Xiaofeng Zang1, Waka Kawade1, Yuichiro Ueno1,2,3 (1.Tokyo Institute of Technology Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, 2.Tokyo Institute of Technology Earth-Life Science Institute, 3.Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology Department of Subsurface Geobiological Analysis and Research)

Keywords:synthesis of amino acids, atmospheric photochemisry, early Mars

Recent studies suggest that early Mars may have been a clement environment for emergence of life. The geological evidence suggests that liquid water was present transiently on early Mars. Organic molecules as wells as nitrogen-bearing compounds have been discovered on Mars, hence the building block of life including amino acids may have been produced on early Mars. We report results of new experimental study on nitrogen photochemistry driven by UV started from the initial gas containing CO and N2O, which could possibly exist in the atmosphere on early Mars because of the low oxygen fugacity of Martian mantle. The results demonstrated that carboxylic acids, ammonia, methylamine, as well as amino acids were produced under the presence of water. The product amino acids include glycine, serine and β-alanine when UV was penetrated to the surface of liquid water. The results suggest that NH3 can be synthesized by photochemistry in the atmosphere containing N2O+CO+H2O, and could be an important intermediate to synthesize the amino acid.