Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[JJ] Poster

B (Biogeosciences) » B-BG Biogeosciences & Geosphere-Biosphere Interactions

[B-BG02] Interrelation between Life, Water, Mineral, and Atmosphere

Mon. May 21, 2018 1:45 PM - 3:15 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall7, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Ken Takai(Extremobiosphere Research Center, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science & Technology), Kentaro Nakamura(Department of Systems Innovation, School of Engineering, University of Tokyo), Yuichiro Ueno(東京工業大学大学院地球惑星科学専攻, 共同), Yohey Suzuki(Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo)

[BBG02-P05] Hydrogen isotopic ratio of Archean mantle based on ion microprobe analysis of gabbro

Tomokazu Murai1, *HIKARU YAGI1, Yuichiro Ueno2, Shoichi Itoh3, Takazo Shibuya4, Julien Foriel5 (1.Tokyo Institute of Technology, 2.Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 3.Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University, 4.Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science Technology, 5.Earth Life-Science Institute)

Keywords:Mantle, Gabbro, Amphibole, Hydrogen isotope, Archaean, Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry

Water is one of the most important content for origin of life and biological activity. Hydrogen isotopic evolution of mantle may tell us water-cycling through the Earth history, though dD values of ancient mantle and its evolution is still largely unknown. Kyser and O’Neil (1984) evaluated that δD value of present mantle is -80‰ by MORB glasses. However, the MORB glasses rarely exist in sea floor basalt. In this study, hydrogen isotopic composition of Ti-rich amphibole in Archaean gabbro in 3.2 Ga Pilbara Formation, Western Australia was analyzed by ion microprobe in order to estimate the δD value of the 3.2 Ga mantle. The Cleaverville Formation is one of the best preserved records of ocean-floor metamorphism based on petrological and geochemical analysis (Shibuya et al., 2007; Shibuya et al., 2012). The high Ti content is characteristic of igneous amphibole, thus may reflecting δD value of the Archean source mantle. Based on the relationship between the structure and isotopic ratio analyzed by ion microprobe, small but a number of amphiboles occurred as exsolution lamellae in diopside are responsible for the low dD value, that may represent the dD value of 3.2 Ga mantle (− 119 ± 20 ‰). The results of this study demonstrated that mantle were depleted in deuterium at 3.2 Ga in comparison to modern mantle (dD = − 80‰).