Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[JJ] Poster

B (Biogeosciences) » B-BG Biogeosciences & Geosphere-Biosphere Interactions

[B-BG03] Microbial ecology in earth and planetary sciences

Wed. May 23, 2018 3:30 PM - 5:00 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall7, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Michinari Sunamura(University of Tokyo Dept. of Earth & Planetary Science), Natsuko Hamamura(Kyushu University), Keisuke Koba(京都大学生態学研究センター, 共同), Yuki Morono(Kochi Institute for Core Sample Research, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology)

[BBG03-P02] Magnetic field response by magnetotactic bacteria Mgnetospirillum magnetotacticum MS-1 for understanding a natural magnetic characteristic formed at early stage of sediment formation

*Kohei Masaoka1, Yusei Kataoka1, Yuki Morono2, Naotaka Tomioka2, Goichiro Uramoto1, Nana Yoshikane1, Yuhji Yamamoto1 (1.Kochi University, 2.Kochi Institute for Core Sample Research, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology)

Variation of the past geomagnetic field is recorded in marine sediments as a fossil magnetization, called natural remanent magnetization (NRM). NRM of the sediment has long been thought to be caused by detrital and aeolian magnetic grains. Recently, interests are growing on the contribution of biogenic magnetic grains originated from magnetotactic bacteria to the NRM observed in sediments. To investigate characteristics of NRM carried by biogenic magnetic grains, we cultured magnetotactic bacteria Magnetospirillum magnetotacticum MS-1 (hereafter MS-1) and conducted remanent magnetization measurements by simulating an early process of sediment formation. MS-1 was placed in magnetic field and its orientation was observed even for dead cells and well-matched to the theoretical model prediction. Comparison of the observation in this study and NRM in natural sediments indicated that NRM carried by magnetotactic bacteria is the result of initial imprinting by natural magnetic field during sedimentation and following disturbance such by bioturbation, diagenesis and so on.