Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[JJ] Poster

B (Biogeosciences) » B-CG Complex & General

[B-CG09] Decoding the history of Earth: From Hadean to the present

Tue. May 22, 2018 10:45 AM - 12:15 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall7, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Tsuyoshi Komiya(Department of Earth Science & Astronomy Graduate School of Arts and Sciences The University of Tokyo), Yasuhiro Kato(Department of Systems Innovation, Graduate School of Engineering, University of Tokyo), Katsuhiko Suzuki(国立研究開発法人海洋研究開発機構・海底資源研究開発センター)

[BCG09-P04] The evaluation for the age bias with the grain size of detrital zircons from the Jack Hills

*Daiki Tanaka1, Shinji Yamamoto1, Tsuyoshi Komiya2, Shogo Aoki3, Shuhei Sakata4, Takeshi Ohno4 (1.Graduate School of Environment and Information Sciences, Yokohama National University , 2.Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, The University of Tokyo, 3.Department of Biosphere-Geosphere Science,Okayama University of Science, 4.Department of Chemistry, Gakushuin University)

Keywords:Hadean, zircon, apatite, U-Pb age

Terrestrial rocks recording the age during Hadean era are rarely preserved because of surface erosion, subduction, and intensive meteorite bombardment. The only clue to reveal the early earth environment is detrital zircon in metamorphosed sediments at the Mt Narryer and the Jack Hills in the Narryer Gneiss Terrane, the Yilgarn Craton, Western Australia [1], where grains as old as ~4,404Myr have been found so far [2]. It is known that Hadean zircons from Jack Hills area include a variety of minerals mainly such as quartz, K-feldspar, plagioclase, aluminosilicate, muscovite, biotite, hornblende, apatite, monazite, xenotime, Fe-Ti oxide, rutile, and biogenic carbon [3]. Our group especially focus on the chemical features of apatite. It is possible to indicate some information from the mineral such as the source magma reflected by the compositions of whole rocks [4] and the hydrogen isotope composition measured from the hydroxy group in apatite [5]. However, the frequency of the old zircons over 4.0 Ga is no more than 5% in all from the Jack Hills [6]. Moreover, the zircons including isolated apatite from clacks exist as rare as about 8% in the >4.0Ga zircons [3]. 5μm is necessary as the minimum to make an accurate analysis using secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS), so it is likely to find the inclusions in coarse grains. Hence, we evaluated the bias toward zircon ages of the samples concentrated from a metaconglomerate rock in Jack Hills and divided into three sets of grain size: >120μm, 120μm-75μm, <75μm. In the utilizing the technique of laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS), the rates of zircons, which were found to be older than 3.8 Ga in 207Pb/206Pb age, were accordingly rated at 16.7%, 4.76%, 5.88%. We interpreted two presumable reasons from the relationship between α-decay damage calculated from the U-Th concentration and the concordance in zircon. First is the difference of the host rock in which each zircon group crystalized. Second is the artificial element when sample rocks are crushed on the method in a laboratory. As a result, it was suggested that large grain is suitable for collecting Hadean zircons including apatite with adequate size to analyze.

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