Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[JJ] Oral

B (Biogeosciences) » B-CG Complex & General

[B-CG10] Phanerozoic biodiversity change: Extinction and diversification

Mon. May 21, 2018 9:00 AM - 10:30 AM 102 (1F International Conference Hall, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Yukio Isozaki(Department of Earth Science and Astronomy, Multi-disciplinary Sciences - General Systems Studies, Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, The University of Tokyo), Yusuke Sawaki(The University of Tokyo), Chairperson:Sawaki Yusuke(The University of Tokyo)

9:00 AM - 9:15 AM

[BCG10-01] Revision of the earliest Cambrian SSF stratigraphy: Litho- and SSF stratigraphy of the Xiaolantian section in the Chengjiang area, Yunnan, South China

*KONO SENA1, Yukio Isozaki1, Tomohiko Sato2, Xingliang Zhang3, Wei Liu3 (1.The University of Tokyo School of Arts &Sciences, 2.Earth-Life Science Institute, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 3.Northwest University, China)

Keywords:Cambrian, SSF, Yunnan

The earliest Cambrian biostratigraphy of small shelly fossils (SSF) has been best analyzed in Yunnan, South China. This study examined detailed litho- and SSF stratigraphy of the lowermost Cambrian of the Xiaolantian section in the Chengjiang area, of which facies suggests deposition in intermediate depth settings. The lowermost Cambrian is composed of ca. 300 m thick, the Zhongyicun Member (phosphorite), Dahai Mb (dolomite), and Shiyantou Fm (siltstone). The Zhongyicun Mb (ca. 30 m) is lithologically further subdivided into Units 1-5. Unit 1: alteration of massive phosphatic dolomite and thin phosphorite; Unit 2: characteristic thin black mudstone; Unit 3: phosphorite interbedded with dolomite; Unit 4: alteration of phosphorite and thin bedded dolomitic phosphorite; and Unit 5: thin-bedded phosphorite , in ascending order.

SSFs were obtained from 20 horizons in the Zhongyicun Mb (except Unit 4) and 1 from the Dahai Mb from the study section. Three distinct SSF assemblages (Assemblage A to C) were recognized; Assemblage A from the lowermost part of Unit 1, with Acanthocassis orthacanthus, Protohertzina anabarica, and Protohertzina unguliformis. Assemblage B from the upper part of Unit 1 to Unit 5, with Ocururanus finial, Yunnanopleura biformis, Helcionella sp.. Assemblage C from Unit 5, mainly with Archaeospira sp., and Obtusoconus sp., Conopoconus sp.. Two genera Conotheca and Siphogonuchites commonly occur from Units 1 to 5 and also from Dahai Mb. The Hongjiachong section, next to the Xiaolantian section in the same area, have also these three assemblages (Assemblage A to C in the Xiaolantian section).

The present results show that Zhongyicun Mb can be subdivided into three SSF assemblage zones (A to C). This interval was previously divided into two. Assemblage A of this study mostly corresponds to the 1st assemblage by Steiner et al. (2007), whereas B and C to the 2nd assemblage. This study confirmed that the first appearance of Assemblage B was detected in much lower horizon than previous believed. This suggests that SSF diversification has started almost at the beginning of the Cambrian, much earlier than previous believed.