Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[EE] Oral

B (Biogeosciences) » B-PT Paleontology

[B-PT04] Biomineralization and the Geochemistry of Proxies

Sun. May 20, 2018 1:45 PM - 3:15 PM 101 (1F International Conference Hall, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Takashi Toyofuku(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC)), Hiroshi Kitazato(Tokyo University of Marine Science and Technology (TUMSAT)), Jelle Bijma(アルフレッドウェゲナー極域海洋研究所, 共同), Kotaro Hirose(Faculty of Science & Engineering, Waseda University), Chairperson:Bijma Jelle(AWI), Toyofuku Takashi

2:45 PM - 3:00 PM

[BPT04-05] Is iron toxic to cyanobacteria? Implications for biomineralization in ancient ferrous oceans.

*Shawn E McGlynn1, Airi Idei2, Katsumi Matsuura2, Lewis M Ward3,1 (1.Tokyo Institute of Technology, 2.Tokyo Metropolitan University, 3.Harvard University)

Keywords:banded iron formations, oxyphotobacteria, biomineralization, hot spring, microbe-mineral interactions

It has been proposed that cyanobacteria would have found the ancient ocean a toxic environment due to reactive oxygen species produced following the release of oxygen. This toxicity could have inhibited total productivity, evolution, and biomineralization of banded iron formations. To shed more light on this topic, we explored two naturally ferrous iron rich environments which have chemistry relevant to precambrian oceans. Surprisingly, while one environment has limited cyanobacterial biomass, another is replete. DNA sequencing revealed dominant community members, and laboratory studies corroborated field observations of cyanobacterial growth unaffected by iron concentrations relevant to early oceans.