Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[EE] Evening Poster

A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences) » A-AS Atmospheric Sciences, Meteorology & Atmospheric Environment

[A-AS04] Towards integrated understandings of cloud and precipitation processes

Tue. May 22, 2018 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall7, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Kentaroh Suzuki(Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, University of Tokyo), Yukari Takayabu(Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, the University of Tokyo), Hirohiko Masunaga

[AAS04-P07] Cloud properties over Arid and Semi-arid regions and their seasonal and diurnal variability from Meteosat satellites

*Niranjan Kumar Kondapalli1, Kentaroh Suzuki1 (1.Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo, Kashiwa-shi, Chiba, Japan)

Keywords:Clouds, Meteosat, Arid and semi-arid regions

A year-round (2017-2018) cloud properties retrieved from Meteosat Second Generation (MSG) geostationary satellites operated by the European Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites (EUMETSAT) will be presented. The relatively high spatial and temporal scanning of these instruments with their distinct spectral channels is capable of providing a continuous survey of cloud properties (cloud type, cloud phase, cloud microphysical properties) over a broad region of the Earth including Europe, Africa, Middle East, North and South Atlantic and Indian Oceans. However, this analysis is restricted to arid and semi-arid regions focusing the United Arab Emirates (UAE) and adjoining regions in support of the UAE Research Program for Rain Enhancement Science (UAEREP). The seasonal and diurnal cycle of cloud properties is determined by the relocated Meteosat-8 to 41.5oE for the continuation of the Indian Ocean Data Coverage. Further, an assessment of cloud properties between the Meteosat-8 and Meteosat-10 is also compared in this study to better characterize the uncertainties of satellite cloud measurements. Nevertheless, the Meteosat-8 has advantages with respect to the biases related to angular view and spatial resolution, relative to other geostationary satellites, over the UAE and adjoining regions.

The seasonal cycle of cloud amount over the UAE and adjoining regions are subjugated by two distinctly different meteorological regimes in winter and summer by the extra-tropical and tropical forcings, respectively. This is clearly reflected in the cloud occurrence where the percentage of high- and mid-level clouds is relatively high during winter than summer due to a strong influence of extra-tropical circulations in the upper troposphere, while the low-level cloud amount is relatively high during the summer. However, the occurrence frequency of clouds is high along the Al Hajr Mountains located in the eastern part of the UAE and the Oman region irrespective of season indicating orography-generated clouds. We also discussed the diurnal variation of the clouds with respect to the liquid water path. The diurnal cycle shows two peaks: one in the morning and other in the late afternoon and post-sunset periods. This indicates a bimodal distribution of occurrence of clouds. Further, the bimodal distribution is independent of the season, implying a strong influence of local factors (sea breeze, winds, topography, solar radiation etc.) for the existence of the bimodality. Finally, we also discuss the microphysical properties of precipitating and non-precipitating clouds over these arid and semi-arid regions.