Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[JJ] Evening Poster

A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences) » A-CC Cryospheric Sciences & Cold District Environment

[A-CC29] Ice cores and paleoenvironmental modeling

Tue. May 22, 2018 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall7, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Ryu Uemura(University of the Ryukyus), Kenji Kawamura(National Institute of Polar Research, Research Organization of Information and Systems), Ayako Abe-Ouchi(東京大学大気海洋研究所, 共同), Nozomu Takeuchi(Chiba University)

[ACC29-P06] Shallow ice core drillings at three sites around the Dome Fuji station, Antarctica, in the 2017-2018 season (JARE 59)

*Fumio Nakazawa1,2, Kenji Kawamura1,2, Ikumi Oyabu1, Hiroshi Ohno3, Konosuke Sugiura4, Shuji Fujita1,2, Kumiko Goto-Azuma1,2, Hideaki Motoyama1,2 (1.National Institute of Polar Research, 2.SOKENDAI (The Graduate University of Advanced Studies), 3.Kitami Institute of Technology, 4.University of Toyama)

Keywords:Japanese Antarctic Research Expedition, Antarctica, ice sheet, ice core, volcanic ash

As a glaciological survey for identifying the best location for the next deep drilling in the vicinity of the Dome Fuji station, we drilled three shallow ice cores in 2017–2018 (JARE59). The first core was drilled at 50 km south of Dome Fuji (New Dome Fuji; NDF) to the depth of 151.9 m, second one was drilled at 40 km southeast of Dome Fuji (DFSE) to 41 m, and third one was drilled at 30 km northwest of Dome Fuji (DFNW) to 41 m. We found 20-mm-thick volcanic ash layer at 118.9 m in the NDF core. Volcanic ash layers have been found at similar depths in the Dome C and Vostok ice cores. In the Dome C core, less than 1-mm-thick volcanic ash layer was found at 132.6 m. In the Vostok core, around 30-mm-thick ash layer was found at 103.04 m. These ash layers were estimated at 3500–3600 years1,2. On the other hand, volcanic ash layer was not found at around 100 m in the Dome Fuji ice core3. The volcanic ash layer at 118.9 m in NDF core possibly has the same origin as the ash layers in the Dome C and Vostok cores. We also measured borehole temperature of three sites. Temperatures at 10 m depth were -56.4℃, -58.1℃ and -56.2℃ at NDF, DFSE and DFNW, respectively. In the presentation, we will report the drillings and other activities in detail.

1. Basile et al. (2001). Volcanic layers in Antarctic (Vostok) ice cores: Source identification and atmospheric implications. J. Geophys. Res., 106(D23), 31915–31931.
2. Kohno et al., (2004). Chemical composition of volcanic glasses in visible tephra layers found in a 2503 m deep ice core from Dome Fuji, Antarctica. Annals of Glaciology, 39, 576–584.
3. Narcisi et al. (2005). Characteristics and sources of tephra layers in the EPICA-Dome C ice record (East Antarctica): Implications for past atmospheric circulation and ice core stratigraphic correlations. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 239(3-4), 253–265.