Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[EJ] Evening Poster

A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences) » A-CG Complex & General

[A-CG38] Science in the Arctic Region

Thu. May 24, 2018 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall7, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Shun Tsutaki(The University of Tokyo), NAOYA KANNA(Arctic Research Center, Hokkaido University), Shunsuke Tei(北海道大学 北極域研究センター, 共同), Tetsu Nakamura(Faculty of Environmental Earth Science, Hokkaido University)

[ACG38-P05] Interannual variability of summer precipitation over northern Eurasia in multiple climate models: Part II.

*Manabu Abe1, Hatsuki Fujinami2, Tetsuya Hiyama2 (1.Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, 2.Institute for Space-Earth Environmental Research, Nagoya University)

Keywords:interannual variability of summer precipitation, northern Eurasia, climate model

Arctic sea ice extent has clearly decreased in recent decades. Also, the decreasing of Arctic sea ice extent has possibly affected hydrological cycle in the northern part of Eurasia (e.g., Fujinami et al. 2016, Hiyama et al. 2016). On the other hand, extreme events like heatwaves and heavy snow, which seems to be the influence of global warming, are also occurring in the middle and high latitudes. For reliable projection of such extreme events, it is important to understand the mechanism of interannual variability of the hydrological cycle.
We have been investigating interannual variability by the use of multiple climate models in order to understand the mechanism of the hydrological cycle in northern Eurasia. Last year, we reported that the mode of the east-west seesaw pattern, which is seen in the observation, included in the interannual variability of summer precipitation in northern Eurasia in many models (Abe et al. 2017). In addition, a frequency of such modes of the interannual variabilities in the models has not been modulated by recent Arctic sea ice reduction.
In this presentation, we report on the mode of the interannual variability with peaks of fluctuation in northern Eurasia or the Arctic coast area. Many models show this mode as EOF 1, the most outstanding variation pattern. This spatial pattern indicates the positive anomalies of precipitation in the Arctic coast region and negative anomalies in the southern part of Siberia (vice versa). Patterns of the atmospheric circulation at 850 hPa related to these anomalies are the low-pressure anomaly in the Arctic coast and the Arctic Ocean and the high-pressure anomalies in the south of the low-pressure anomaly. Furthermore, in relation to this atmospheric circulation pattern, latent and sensible heat fluxes from the ocean to the atmosphere show positive anomalies in the Barents Sea and the Kara Sea. Also, the atmospheric circulation pattern at 850 hPa is similar to that of the increasing trend pattern reported in Fujinami et al. (2016). However, there was no significant temporal trend in the EOF score of the pattern of the models. In the presentation, we would like to discuss both the relationship between this interannual variability and the Arctic sea ice change and why this interannual variability in the model does not have a temporal trend unlike the similar pattern in the observations.

Abe. M., H. Fujinami, and T. Hiyama (2017), Interannual variability of summer precipitation over northern Eurasia in multiple climate models, JpGU-AGU Joint meeting 2017, 20-25 May 2017, Chiba, Japan
Fujinami, H., T. Yasunari, and T. Watanabe (2016), Trend and interannual variation in summer precipitation in eastern Siberia in recent decades. Int. J. Climatol., 36: 355–368. doi:10.1002/joc.4352
Hiyama, T., H. Fujinami, H. Kanamori, T. Ishige, and K. Oshima (2016), Recent interdecadal changes in the interannual variability of precipitation and atmospheric circulation over northern Eurasia, Environmental Research Letters, 11(6), 065001, doi:10.1088/1748-9326/11/6/065001.