[ACG38-P21] Surface energy balance at SIGMA-A site on the northwest Greenland ice sheet
The analysis result shows that the snow surface was essentially heated by the net shortwave radiation and sensible heat flux, and cooled by the net longwave radiation and latent heat flux. Surface melting occurred commonly at positive air temperature in summer season. Especially, the GrIS experienced the record surface melt in July 2012 (Nghiem et al., 2012). The monthly averaged air temperature in July 2012 was -0.2℃, which is 3.9℃ higher than that in 2013. The snow height change in July was - 27 cm and + 16 cm in 2012 and 2013, respectively. Comparing the monthly averaged SEB in July between 2012 and 2013, the net shortwave radiation shows the largest difference. The value in 2012 is 18 W m-2 larger than that in 2013. In addition, the monthly averaged near-infrared albedo in June 2012 was 15 % lower than that in June 2013, whereas there was relatively small difference in visible albedo. For this reason, snow grain size would increase due to air temperature rise in July 2012. We thus concluded that the positive feedback effect by the snow grain growth – near-infrared albedo reduction played an important role in the observed surface melting in July 2012.
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