Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[EJ] Evening Poster

A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences) » A-CG Complex & General

[A-CG39] Multi-scale ocean-atmosphere interaction in the tropical Indo-Pacific region

Mon. May 21, 2018 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall7, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Yukiko Imada(Meteorological Research Institute, Japan Meteorological Agency), Tomoki Tozuka(Department of Earth and Planetary Science, Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo), Hiroki Tokinaga(京都大学防災研究所, 共同), Yu Kosaka(Research Center for Advanced Science and Technology, University of Tokyo)

[ACG39-P01] ENSO prediction using an earth system model incorporating a high-resolution tropical ocean nesting model

*Yukiko Imada1, Goro Yamanaka1, Hiroyuki Tsujino1, Shogo Urakawa1, Yasushi Takatsuki1 (1.Meteorological Research Institute, Japan Meteorological Agency)

Keywords:Seasonal Prediction, ENSO prediction, High-resolution tropical ocean nesting model

Mesoscale eddies in the tropical oceans have significant impacts on the oceanic mean states, atmospheric circulation, ENSO characteristics, and other natural variabilities. Here, we found a significant improvement of ENSO prediction skill by incorporating a high-resolution tropical ocean nesting model into a seasonal prediction system based on an earth system model MRI-ESM1. Because of the realistic representation of tropical instability waves (TIWs), the simulated eddy heat flux improves not only tropical oceanic mean states but also spatial distributions of mean surface wind stress and precipitation in the nested version of MRI-ESM1. ENSO characteristics (amplitude, period, spatial pattern, asymmetricity, teleconnection) are also modified through the changes of mean state, resulting in more accurate ENSO prediction several months ahead.