Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[JJ] Evening Poster

A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences) » A-CG Complex & General

[A-CG43] Coastal Ecosystems - 2. Coral reefs, seagrass and macroalgal beds, and mangroves

Thu. May 24, 2018 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall7, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Toshihiro Miyajima(Marine Biogeochemistry Group, Division of Ocean-Earth System Science, Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo), Yu Umezawa(Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology), Atsushi Watanabe(東京工業大学 環境・社会理工学院, 共同), Tomihiko Higuchi(Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo)

[ACG43-P03] Evaluation of the function of seagrass to stabilize sediments

*Yoshiyuki TANAKA1, Takashi Nakamura2, Masaya Yoshikai2, Toshihiro Miyajima3, kazuo nadaoka2, Atsushi Watanabe2, Fernando Siringan4, Masahiro Nakaoka5, Rempei Suwa6, Miguel Fortes4 (1. Center for Liberal Arts and Science, Hachinohe Institute of Technology,, 2.Department of Transdisciplinary Science and Engineering, School of Environment and Society, Tokyo Institute of Technology,, 3.Marine Biogeochemistry Group, Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo,, 4.Marine Science Institute, University of the Philippines, 5.Hokkaido University, 6.Forestry and Forest Products Research Institute )

Keywords:seagrass, blue carbon

Seagrass rhizome and root systems trap organic matter, thereby stabilizing the sediments. Research on the strength of seagrass body against external forces in the laboratory has been carried out so far. However, the measurement in situ have not been conducted to the best of our knowledge. This study compared the resistance in situ against pulling up forces among four seagrass species, Halophila ovalis, Cymodocea rotundata, Thalassia hemprichii and Enhalus acoroides. Experiments were conducted at Tantangon Island, Busuanga, the Philippines from 13 to 14 September 2017. Dual steel wires (diameter, 1.5mm) were inserted below the rhizome and connected to Digital hanging scale by polyethylene line. After setting the wire the scale was pulled up and force (kg) for the rhizomes to be lifted up or broken were recorded. The largest species, Enhalus acoroides, showed the highest resistance with the values diminishing as plant size decreased. The results have some significant implications to the plants’ ability to stabilize sediments, store blue carbon and resist the impacts of strong waves brought about by climate change. Additional survey to evaluate the relationship between the resistance of each species and sediment grain size are scheduled. The biomass and reached depth of below ground part of each species would be also measured.