Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[JJ] Evening Poster

A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences) » A-HW Hydrology & Water Environment

[A-HW24] Hydrological change after the 2016 Kumamoto earthquake

Tue. May 22, 2018 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall7, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Jun Shimada(Graduate school of Science and Technology, Kumamoto University), Kei Nakagawa(Graduate School of Fisheries Science and Environmental Studies, Nagasaki University), Takahiro Hosono(熊本大学大学院先導機構, 共同)

[AHW24-P03] Change of groundwater radon concentration caused by 2016 Kumamoto earthquake

*Kuniyo Kawabata1,2, Takahiro Hosono3,4, Tsutomu Sato5, Hiroshi A Takahashi5, Masaaki Takahashi5, Kiyoshi Ide4, Yujin Kitamura1, Naoji Koizumi6, Keisuke Fukamizu3 (1.Graduate School of Science and Engineering, KAGOSHIMA UNIVERSITY, 2.Kagoshima University Museum, 3.Graduate School of Science and Technology, Kumamoto University, 4.Priority Organization for Innovation and Excellence, Kumamoto University, 5.AIST, Geological Survey of Japan,Research Institute Earthquake and Volcano Geology, 6.School of Environmental Science,the University of Shiga Prefecture)

Keywords:The 2016 Kumamoto earthquake, Groundwater Radon concentration, Futagawa fault, Hinagu fault

The 2016 Kumamoto earthquake struck central Kumamoto prefecture on April 14 (Mw 6.2 foreshock) and 16 (Mw 7.0 main shock) and caused huge damage around the area. The area of a series of the events and the aftershocks, Beppu, Aso and Central Kumamoto prefecture, is situated along the active Beppu-Shimabara rift. It is explained that the main shock and foreshock ruptured Futagawa fault and Hinagu fault, respectively, in the Beppu-Shimabara rift. Across the Futagawa fault the northern wall sank by one meter while the southern wall rose by 30 cm, and surface fractures and cracks along the fault zone are recognized (Fujiwara et al., 2016). After the quake, the field investigation of ground waters and hot springs around the faults have been carried out to detect a change in ground water by the earthquakes (e.g. Sato et al., 2017; Koizumi et al., 2017). They reported increased flow rate at several springs and newly occurred spring after the earthquakes, suggesting that the earthquake strongly affected the ground water system. Here we measured radon concentration in groundwater covering the sampling points of Sato et al. (2017).

Groundwater radon concentration changes have been reported as precursory indicators of earthquakes (e.g. Noguchi and Wakita, 1977; Kuo et al., 2006, 2011). Radium in rocks decays to produce radon and the radon is released from rock surface to pore. The rate of the radon release increase with the surface area, therefore the radon release can be indicative of the crustal deformation such as earthquake.

We report the results of groundwater radon concentration at 7, 11, 13, 18 and 19 months after the 2016 Kumomato earthquake. In Kumamoto area, fortunately groundwater radon had been measured in 2009, seven years before the Kumamoto earthquake (Tokunaga, 2010). We then discuss the change of groundwater radon concentration in relation to the fault rupture by comparing our data to Tokunaga (2010), i.e., before and after the quake.

The results of our measurement show that the groundwater radon indicate high concentration in the step and jog region of Futagawa and Hinagu faults both before and after the earthquake. The concentration around newly recognized surface fracture is significantly high. Although there is a difficulty in comparing the radon data directly with those from the previous work gained by different measurement device, the values of radon concentration in northern region from Futagawa and Hinagu fault are decreased after earthquake wheareas the values are increased in the southern region. In addition to appearing newly formed cracks in the northern region, our result suggests that the ground after the earthquakes is more permeable than before, causing decrease of 222Rn concentration in northern region, accordingly.