[AOS17-P03] Hydrographic observation on the shelf off Otsuchi Bay in northeastern Japan
Keywords:baroclinic tide, shelf, Sanriku coast
Hydrographic observation was done with R/V Yayoi in the area of 4.3 km in east-west and 5.6 km in north-south, where the depth is between 50 m and 125 m. It was on July 26, 2017 in the morning (8:11-11:00) and the afternoon (1:12-2:13). In the morning, three-dimensional CTD observation was made. In the afternoon, observation is limited on the coastal meridional line with a finer horizontal resolution. Measurements of the velocity by a shipboard ADCP (300 kHz) are also made during the cruise. A nearby location, Kamaishi had a low tide at about 11:30 am with an intermediate tidal range. So, the morning/afternoon cruise corresponds to ebb/flood tide at the coast near the site.
Observed distribution of the salinity and temperature has two haloclines with salinity of about 33.60 and 33.70, respectively. The former lies at the depth of a few meters. The depth of the latter varies from 20 m to 60 m. The salinity and temperature of the lower halocline and the water below is categorized in the Tsugaru Warm Current water system of Hanawa and Mitsudera (1987). Distributions of the zonal velocity by the shipboard ADCP shows baroclinic structure with upper offshore flow and lower inshore flow. The boundaries between them correspond to the lower halocline in CTD observations. These results are consistent with the three-layer structure in inshore Otsuchi Bay revealed by Tanaka et al. (2017). The morning and afternoon observations of the coastal meridional line show significant salinity increase and temperature decrease in the deeper portion, especially in its northern part. The morning observations in the offshore area suggest that the water with high salinity and low temperature came from offshore region with upslope movement.
Hanawa and Mitsudera, 1987, JOSJ, 42.
Ishizu et al., 2017, JO, 73.
Otobe et al., 2009, Coast Mar Sci, 33.
Tanaka et al., 2017, JO, 73.