Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[JJ] Evening Poster

A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences) » A-OS Ocean Sciences & Ocean Environment

[A-OS19] chemical and biological oceanography

Tue. May 22, 2018 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall7, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Tsuneo Ono(Fisheries Research Agency), Namiha Yamada(National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology), Hiroaki Saito(東京大学大気海洋研究所, 共同), Shin-ichi Ito(Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo)

[AOS19-P02] Effects of high hydrostatic pressure on metabolisms of bathypelagic bacteria

Namiha Yamada1, Ayumi Tsukasaki1, Nobuo Tsurushima1, *Masahiro Suzumura1 (1.AIST - National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology)

Keywords:high hydrostatic pressure, bacteria, carbon diuoxide capture and storage (CCS), environmental assessment

To assess the effects of high hydrostatic pressure on metabolisms of bathypelagic bacteria, we developed a portable and relatively inexpensive high-pressurizing incubation system. The system mainly consists of a conventional HPLC pump, shut-off valves, gauges and HPLC column-like stainless steel pipes as the pressurizing vessels in which FEP-based incubation vessels were pressurized. The maximum hydrostatic pressure that could be stably maintained was 30 MPa. No solution leakage between the pressure-transmitting medium and the incubation samples was observed during pressurization. The system was useful in providing simultaneously multiple pressure and conditions of incubation in one experiment. The performance and portability of the system is suited particularly for field survey on board to investigate bacterial metabolisms and related biogeochemical processes in bathypelagic environments. We executed on board measurements of production rates of natural bacterial assemblages at in situ hydrostatic pressure and temperature in ship’s radiation-controlled laboratory. Seawater samples were collected from bathypelagic depths (500-3000 m) in the Pacific Ocean between 0.5°N and 50°N along 170°W during the KH14-3 cruise of R/V Hakuho-maru. Bacterial production rates measured by a 3H-leucine incorporation method at in situ high pressure were 1.1 to 12.4 times higher than those at atmospheric pressure. This result strongly suggests that bacterial production rate is substantially underestimated at normal atmospheric pressure in comparison with in situ conditions.

As an example of application of the pressurizing incubation system, we investigated the impacts of high CO2 exposure with a potential leak from the seabed of carbon dioxide capture and storage (CCS) sites on a strain of Pseudoalteromonas sp. isolated from 2000 m depth of the western North Pacific Ocean. Combined effects of high hydrostatic pressure and high CO2 concentration were tested from atmospheric pressure to 30 MPa and from 0.1% to 20% of CO2. In acidification experiments, gas exchange through the semi-permeable FEP membrane could cause changes in pH of the incubated samples. However, this was fixed by using the pressure-transmitting media equilibrated to appropriate CO2 concentrations in advance. The specific growth rate of Pseudoalteromonas sp. isolate at 0.1% CO2 was substantially high at 10 MPa in comparison with atmospheric pressure. Although the growth was completely inhibited with 20% CO2 at atmospheric pressure, the bacteria exhibited high tolerance for high CO2 even at 20% between 10 MPa and 30 MPa. This result suggests the possibility that the response of bathypelagic bacteria to high CO2 is overestimated at normal atmospheric pressure in comparison with in situ conditions. Various technologies have been developed for utilizing resources and energy of the bathypelagic ocean environments, including CCS and exploitation of deep-sea mineral ore resources. A variety of perturbations not just with high CO2 is possible in such industrial usage of marine environments, including exposure to heavy metals and chemical substances, as well as physical disturbance. Usage of a high-pressure incubation device as presented here is highly recommended to realistically examine the impacts of various environmental perturbations on bathypelagic bacterial communities.