[AOS19-P02] Effects of high hydrostatic pressure on metabolisms of bathypelagic bacteria
Keywords:high hydrostatic pressure, bacteria, carbon diuoxide capture and storage (CCS), environmental assessment
As an example of application of the pressurizing incubation system, we investigated the impacts of high CO2 exposure with a potential leak from the seabed of carbon dioxide capture and storage (CCS) sites on a strain of Pseudoalteromonas sp. isolated from 2000 m depth of the western North Pacific Ocean. Combined effects of high hydrostatic pressure and high CO2 concentration were tested from atmospheric pressure to 30 MPa and from 0.1% to 20% of CO2. In acidification experiments, gas exchange through the semi-permeable FEP membrane could cause changes in pH of the incubated samples. However, this was fixed by using the pressure-transmitting media equilibrated to appropriate CO2 concentrations in advance. The specific growth rate of Pseudoalteromonas sp. isolate at 0.1% CO2 was substantially high at 10 MPa in comparison with atmospheric pressure. Although the growth was completely inhibited with 20% CO2 at atmospheric pressure, the bacteria exhibited high tolerance for high CO2 even at 20% between 10 MPa and 30 MPa. This result suggests the possibility that the response of bathypelagic bacteria to high CO2 is overestimated at normal atmospheric pressure in comparison with in situ conditions. Various technologies have been developed for utilizing resources and energy of the bathypelagic ocean environments, including CCS and exploitation of deep-sea mineral ore resources. A variety of perturbations not just with high CO2 is possible in such industrial usage of marine environments, including exposure to heavy metals and chemical substances, as well as physical disturbance. Usage of a high-pressure incubation device as presented here is highly recommended to realistically examine the impacts of various environmental perturbations on bathypelagic bacterial communities.