Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[JJ] Evening Poster

B (Biogeosciences) » B-BG Biogeosciences & Geosphere-Biosphere Interactions

[B-BG02] Interrelation between Life, Water, Mineral, and Atmosphere

Mon. May 21, 2018 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall7, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Ken Takai(Extremobiosphere Research Center, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science & Technology), Kentaro Nakamura(Department of Systems Innovation, School of Engineering, University of Tokyo), Yuichiro Ueno(東京工業大学大学院地球惑星科学専攻, 共同), Yohey Suzuki(Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo)

[BBG02-P08] Geochemical Study of Organic Matter in the 15 Ma to 12 Ma Sedimentary Rocks in the Hokuroku District, Akita

*Seina Tsuchida1, Takeshi Kakegawa1 (1.Graduate School of Science, Tohoku University)

Kuroko deposits were formed by submarine hydrothermal activity occurred ca. 15 Ma in the Hokuroku district in Akita. Kuroko deposits, in many cases, are covered with the 15 to 12 Ma mudstone layer (M2 mudstones). Details of sedimentary environments and origin of organic matter in those mudstones are unclear. Therefore, in the present study, three sections were surveyed in the Hokuroku district and geochemical analyses were conducted on M2 mudstones.
Oshigenaisawa is the stratigraphically lowest and most likely deposited at the same period of Kuroko deposits. Nittobezawa and Koyukisawa represent stratigraphically middle to upper of M2 mudstones, respectively.Concentrations of total organic carbon (TOC) were the same among examined samples. The H/C ratio and R2 ratio by Raman spectroscopy analyses, and δ13C and δ15N values were different among examined kerogen samples. The H/C ratios of kerogen from the Nittobezawa section were smaller than those of the other sections. Ratios of D1 and D2 bands (corresponded to R2 ratios), indicates higher grade of thermal maturation of organic matter. Such feature was not observed to other two sections. Intense dolerite intrusions limited in Nittobezawa were responsible for increasing local geothermal gradients in Nittobezawa. The δ13C values of kerogen from the Nittobezawa section were -23.2 to -21.8‰, and those of the Koyukisawa and Oshigenai sections were -22.8 to -21.6‰. The δ15N values of kerogen were roughly corresponded to δ13C values.
These results suggest that temporal change of source organic matter in during the evolution of the Hokuroku basin associated with chemical modification by local thermal alterations. We propose that those rocks have a potential for an indicator to explore submarine hydrothermal ores buried deeply in modern marine sediments.