Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[EJ] Evening Poster

B (Biogeosciences) » B-PT Paleontology

[B-PT05] Evolution of Chemosynthetic Ecosystem in Earth History

Thu. May 24, 2018 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall7, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Robert Jenkins(School of Natural System, College of Science and Engineering, Kanazawa University), Hiromi Kayama WATANABE(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Takami Nobuhara(静岡大学教育学部理科教育講座地学教室)

[BPT05-P03] Nondestructive observation on white chimney from Shinkai Seep Field and Conical Seamount, and Calyptogena from off Hatsushima

*Teruaki Ishii1, Patricia Fryer2, Satoru Takahashi3, Takuya Matsuzaki4, Suguru Ohta5 (1.Center for Integrated Research and Education of Natural Hazards, Sizuoka University, 2.University of Hawii, 3.University of Tokyo, 4.Kochi University, 5.University of Tokyo (former))

Keywords:white chimney , Shinkai Seep Field , Conical Seamount, Calyptogena, off Hatsushima, deep sea cold seep field

The following three kinds of deep sea seepage field with life community have been reported:

A: Hydrothermal vent communities where life is supported by the interior thermal energy of the Earth, e.g. Mid-oceanic ridges, Okinawa Trough.

B: Cold seepage communities where life is supported by the fossil organic material (= photosynthesis products) induced by the energy of the sunlight, e.g. Japan Trench, off Oregon.

C: Cold seepage communities where life is supported by the inorganic energy (= hydrogen?) induced by serpentinization of ultrabasic rocks, e.g. Lost City, Shinkai Seep Field.

Two white chimneys are observed by CT-scan and XRF-mapping. Those samples are from the Shinkai Seep Field in the Southern Mariana and from the Conical Seamount in the Northern Mariana, collected by Shinkai 6500 and Alvin, respectively.

Calyptogena is also collected by Shinkai 2000 from deep sea seepage communities at the off Hatsushima Island in the Western Sagami Bay, Japan. A small part of its gill is also analyzed by EPMA.

The above mentioned nondestructive observation on non-organic as well as organic samples will be shown in the poster.