Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[JJ] Evening Poster

B (Biogeosciences) » B-PT Paleontology

[B-PT06] Biotic History

Sun. May 20, 2018 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall7, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Isao Motoyama(Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Yamagata University), Takao Ubukata(Division of Geology & Mineralogy, Department of Earth & Planetary Sciences, Kyoto University), Kazuyoshi Moriya(早稲田大学 教育・総合科学学術院 地球科学専修)

[BPT06-P10] Lower Pleistocene calcareous nannofossil biostratigraphy in the Boso Peninsula and the Choshi district and estimated sea surface environments

*Shota Sugizaki1, Koji Kameo2 (1.Division of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Graduate school of Science and Engineering, Chiba University, 2.Department of Earth Sciences, Faculty of Science, Chiba Unicersity)

Keywords:Calcareous nannofossils, Quaternary, Kazusa Group, Paleoceanography

In the northwestern Pacific region, off the coast of Japanese Islands, the two major currents, warm Kuroshio and cold Oyashio currents, have affected the distributions of both recent calcareous planktons and microfossils (Tanaka, 1999; Takemoto and Oda, 1997; Igarashi, 1994). The principal components analysis of fossil assemblages of planktonic foraminifera (Igarashi, 1994) obtained from the Kazusa Group, distributed in the Boso Peninsula, suggests that the intensities of both the currents have repeatedly changed during the early Pleistocene. In this study, the Umegase Fomation, Kazusa Group, and the Yokone and the Obama Formations, Inubo Group, in the Choshi core, which was obtained by the Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo in 1998, were examined in order to clarify correlating ages of calcareous nannofossil datums and to reconstruct changes in sea surface environment during the early Pleistocene in the Northwestern Pacific. As a result of many chronostratigraphic investigations (e.g., Sato et al., 1988), it is known that the Kazusa Group is correlated with the Inubo Group. Based on the correlation with oxygen isotope stratigraphy (Kameo et al., 2006; Pickering et al., 1999), the stratigraphic interval of this study corresponds to 0.83–0.91Ma, and the top of Reticulofenestra asanoi, an important calcareous nannofossil datum during the Pleistocene, is located near MIS 21/22 boundary in both regions.

Calcareous nannofossil assemblages in both Groups were characterized by abundant occurrences of Gephyrocapsa, Reticulofenestra, and Pseudoemiliania. Because Coccolithus pelagicus, an Oyashio water index, and Umbilicosphaera sibogae, a Kuroshio water index (Tanaka, 1991), were very few, this study examined the number of these specimens in a gram of dry sediment. The number of U. sibogae was much larger than those of C. pelagicus in all samples, and thus, the Kuroshio current dominated during the investigated interval. In particular, the sudden increases of this species near 0.87Ma clearly demonstrates temporary intensification of the Kuroshio current. The intensity of Kuroshio current was estimated to strengthen and weaken repeatedly in this region during the early Pleistocene, because stratigraphic changes of this species show similar patterns through the studied interval.


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