Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[JJ] Evening Poster

H (Human Geosciences) » H-QR Quaternary research

[H-QR04] Quaternary, Diachronic dynamics of human-environment interactions

Sun. May 20, 2018 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall7, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Mamoru Koarai(Earth Science course, College of Science, Ibaraki University), Toshihiko Sugai(Department of Natural Environmental Studies, Institute of Environmental Studies, Graduate School of Frontier Science, The University of Tokyo), Kiyohide Mizuno(国立研究開発法人産業技術総合研究所地質情報研究部門, 共同), Minoru YONEDA(The University Museum, The University of Tokyo)

[HQR04-P03] Holocene depositional environment and crustal movement trend at the Omoto Plain, northern Sanriku coast, northeast Japan

*Yuichi Niwa1, Toshihiko Sugai2, Yoshiaki Matsushima3, Shinji Toda4 (1.Faculty of Science and Engineering, Chuo University, 2.Graduate School of Frontier Sciences, The University of Tokyo, 3.Kanagawa Prefectural Museum, Natural History , 4.International Research Institute of Disaster Science, Tohoku University)

Keywords:northern Sanriku coast, Holocene, vertical deformation trend, 2011 Tohoku-oki earthquake

Along the Sanriku coastal area, discrepancies in crustal movement trend have been suggested between uplift on a timescale of 105 years and subsidence on a timescale of 101 – 102 years. And, the cause of the discrepancies has been discussed in relation to megathrust earthquake cycle (e.g., Ikeda et al., 2012). After the 2011 Tohoku-oki earthquake, Holocene subsidence trend has been suggested along the central to southern Sanriku coast (south from Miyako) on the basis of well-dated sedimentary successions in the alluvial plains (e.g., Niwa et al. 2017). However, such crustal movement data on a timescale of 103 – 104 years has not been obtained along the northern Sanriku coast (north from Miyako) yet. Therefore, whether subsidence trend on a timescale of 103 – 104 years have applicable to earthquake cycle model along the whole Sanriku coast or style of crustal movement can be variable within the Sanriku coast is still open to question. In this study, we investigate Holocene sedimentary succession and crustal movement trend of the Omoto plain, located at northern Sanriku coast, on the basis of two sediment cores.

Well-dated Holocene sediment showed environmental changes influenced by sea-level changes; upward growth and landward progradation of barrier/flood tidal delta from 10 to 9.0 ka BP, estuarine environment after decay of barrier/flood tidal delta from 9.0 to 8.0 ka BP, and regressive prodelta ~ delta front and subsequent fluvial environment after 8.0 ka BP. In the upstream site, delta plain sand and silt with upward-finning successions, at uppermost of which abundant tidal flat diatom species is identified, covers prodelta ~ delta front sediments and is dated to 7.4 to 7.2 ka BP.

Uppermost part of delta plain sediments is considered to be deposited under intertidal environment on the basis of abundance of tidal flat diatom species. Thus, height of this horizon (-7.6 m relative to the present sea-level) approximates paleo sea-level at 7.4 to 7.2 ka BP. This level is higher than paleo sea-level in the Tsugaruishi plain at the same timing (-11.5 m relative to the present sea-level; Niwa et al., 2017). In the Tsugaruishi plain, ca. 6 m thick of marsh sediments which covers mid-Holocene intertidal sediments, and aggradational sediment stack of middle to late Holocene delta system are interpreted to reflect millennium-scale relative sea-level rise induced by subsidence trend (Niwa et al., 2017). On the other hand, in the Omoto plain such sedimentary property shown in the Tsugaruishi plain is not observed. This suggests that little upward addition of accommodation space has been produced in the Omoto plain during middle to late Holocene. These features indicate that subsidence trend (, if it exists at all,) is not noticeable in the Omoto plain in contrast with the Tsugaruishi plain.

This difference corresponds to contrast between central to southern Sanriku with large coseisimic subsidence during the 2011 earthquake and northern Sanriku with small coseismic subsidence. Results of this study suggest that style of crustal movement is different within the Sanriku coast across vicinity of Miyako.


Ikeda et al. (2012) Journal of the Geological Society of Japan, 118, 294 – 312 (in Japanese with English abstract).

Niwa et al. (2017) Quaternary international, 456, 1 – 16.