[HQR04-P09] Characteristics of last 13 ka accumulation curves of incised valley fill related to relative sea level change in the southern Ashigara Plain, central Japan
Keywords:accumulation curve, incised valley fill, Ashigara Plain, Sakawa River, relative sea-level change, Chuseki-so
Based on fluctuation of accumulation rate, we divided early to middle Holocene into 3 stages (Stage 1 to 3) roughly. In addition, Stage 2 is subdivided into 3 substages (Stage 2A to C) according to differences of grain size and sedimentary environments.
Stage 1 (13 to 11 ka): This stage is characterized by much smaller accumulation rate, estimated to be ~4.3 mm/yr, than the Stage 2. During this stage, fine-grained deposits (non-marine humic mud to fine sand) were dominant and covered the Base Gravel layer. Because this period is corresponding to the Younger Dryas (11.5-12.8 ka), slower sea-level rising affected depositional process of Sakawa River.
Stage 2 (11 to 7 ka): In this stage, accumulation curves are parallel to relative sea-level curves in Japan (Tanabe et al. 2012) and accumulation rate is estimated to be ~11.7 mm/yr, which is the maximum after ca. 13 ka. This suggest that accommodation generated by sea-level rise were filled immediately by large sediment supply. After gravelly river sediments deposited in ca. 11-10.5 ka (Stage 2A), fine-grained deposits (lower non-marine humic mud and fine sand, and upper marine sandy mud) were dominant in ca. 10.5-8 ka (Stage 2B). In addition, Stage 2C (8-7 ka) is characterized by alternation of freshwater marsh and tidal flats environments inferred from diatom fossil assemblages.
Stage 3 (after 7 ka): This stage is characterized by quite smaller accumulation rate (~1.2-3.5 mm/yr). This indicates that increasing volume of accommodation became much less than before because of stable sea-level.
Accumulation curves of Ashigara Plain, especially in stage 2, is quite similar to the lower Tenryu River coarse-grained delta (Hori et al. 2017). Both of two plains is characterized by large sediment supply and steep slope of incised valley. Therefore, their higher accumulation rates in 11-7 ka was probably caused by small increasing volume of accommodation generated by sea-level rise and large amount of supplied sediments. In addition, dominance of fine-grained sediments (Stage 2B) is also common among them. Because sediment supply had presumably been stable during Stage 2, it is suggested that this grain size change was caused by depositional process related to sea-level rise, i.e., autoretreat (Muto 2001).
Yamazaki, H. (1994) Geomorphology and Geology of Kaisei Town and its surrounding*. Kaisei Town (ed.) Kaisei Town History -natural history-*, 2-100.
Tanabe, S., Nakashima, R., Uchida, M., and Shibata, Y. (2012) Depositional process of an estuary mouth shoal identified in the Alluvium of the Tokyo Lowland along the Tokyo Bay, central Japan. Journal of Geological Society of Japan, 118, 1-19.
Hori, K. et al. (2017) Response of a coarse-grained, fluvial to coastal depositional system to glacio-eustatic sea-level fluctuation since the Last Glacial Maximum: an example from the Tenryu River, Japan. Journal of Sedimentary Research, 87: 133-151.
Muto, T. (2001) Shoreline autoretreat substantiated in flume experiments. Journal of Sedimentary Research, 71: 246-254.
*English translation from the original written in Japanese.