[MGI25-P05] Temporal and spatial variations in the phenology of alpine plants at Tateyama Murodo and Senjojiki by image analysis of time-lapse cameras
Keywords:RGB colors, Greenness index, Green-up, Green-down, Snowmelt timing, Microtopography
We used hourly images taken at Tateyama Murodo (2450m a.s.l) in Japanese Northern Alps during 2011-2017, and at Senjoujiki (2650m a.s.l) in Japanese Central Alps during 2013-2017. The images were recorded with about 21M pixels and 16M pixels, respectively, in jpeg format. RGB (red, green, blue) digital counts were derived from each pixel, and the vegetation phenology was quantified by using a greenness index (green ratio) calculated from the ratios of green against the sum of RGB. An increase and a decrease in time-series of the green ratio indicated green-up and green-down of the plants.
By using pixel-based analysis of the temporal variations of the green ratio, local distributions of the dates of green-up and green-down were illustrated at the plant species level. Our results suggested that the spatial diversities in the snowmelt timing and green-up dates strongly corresponded to the complex micro-topographic features in alpine zones. In addition, the green-up dates and green leaf periods showed large annual variations in relations to the annual variation of snowmelt timing depending on meteorological conditions. Thus, image analysis using time-lapse cameras enabled us to understand the snowmelt timing and plants phenology in alpine ecosystems at high temporal and spatial resolutions. Further long-term monitoring will help to assess and to predict the influence of future climate change.