[MIS03-P01] Statistical analysis of pre-seismic electron density anomalies with using Ionosonde data, over Japan
In this research, we use Ionosonde data observed at Kokubunji operated by the National Institute of Information and Communication Technology (NICT), Japan and perform statistical analysis. Parameters studied in this research are NmF2, hmF2, h’F, and foEs. They are corresponding to the maximum electron density of the F2 layer, the altitude showing NmF2, the apparent altitude of the F2 layer, and the critical frequency of the Es layer, respectively. For each parameter, 15 days backward median and its’ interquartile range (IQR) were calculated, and the lower and upper thresholds for anomalies are defined by median value +1.5 IQR and median value -1.5 IQR, respectively. For earthquake, we use the Japan Meteorology Agency (JMA) catalog. We select earthquakes with magnitude of 6 or greater and depth less than 40 km within 1000 km radius from Kokubunji station for the analysis. During the analyzed period of 1958-2017, there are 352 earthquakes and 257 occurrence days. We apply the superposed epoch analysis (SEA) to investigate statistical significance in correlation between Ionospheric anomalies and earthquake occurrence. We also verify the magnitude dependence.
The results shows that there is a significant positive anomalies in NmF2 and the lead time is about 6-10 days with magnitude dependence. With respect to parameters related to altitudes such as hmF2 and h'F, variations are observed depending on the conditions, and it is not able to say that there is a correlation with the earthquake. Regarding foEs, at present it cannot be concluded that there is a clear correlation with earthquakes and further investigation will be required. The details will be shown at the presentation.