Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[EE] Evening Poster

M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-IS Intersection

[M-IS03] Interdisciplinary studies on pre-earthquake processes

Thu. May 24, 2018 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall7, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Katsumi Hattori(Department of Earth Sciences, Graduate School of Science, Chiba University), Jann-Yenq Liu(Institute of Space Science, National Central University, Taiwan), Dimitar Ouzounov(Center of Excellence in Earth Systems Modeling & Observations (CEESMO) , Schmid College of Science & Technology Chapman University, Orange, California, USA, 共同), Qinghua Huang(Peking University)

[MIS03-P06] Measurement of the radon density in the atmosphere at Okayama, Kochi, Choshi and Kiyosumi

Kiyotaka Ninagawa1, Isao Yamamoto, *Tohru Okabayashi2, Katsumi Hattori3, Chie Yoshino3, Junpei Omura3, Nobuhiro Maeda (1.Department of Applied Physics Okayama University of Science, 2.Department of Medical Risk and Crisis Management, Chiba Institute of Science, 3.Graduate School of Science, Chiba University)

Keywords:radon, atmosphere, earthquake prediction

An increase of the radon in underground water at Nishinomiya City1 and an increase of the radon in atmosphere2 at the southern part of Hyogo Prefecture earthquake in 1995 were reported. Moreover, in the case of Tohoku Region Pacific Coast Earthquake, the data of the exhaust air monitor in the radiation facility of Fukushima Medical College (Fukushima) has been reported that the peak duration was long, and the peak decreased rapidly before the earthquake3.

On the other hand, a PIN photodiode have been developed for high sensitive alpha detector, and used in Super-Kamiokande4. Two years ago, we made an instrument to measure atmospheric radon, using PIN photodiode. We used a Si PIN photodiode as detector, S3204-09 (Unsealed), supplied by Hamamatsu Photonics K.K. We constructed the radon detection instrument, using an aluminum pot as air container, H4083 as charge amplifier, C4900-01 as High voltage power supply module, a pulse shape amplifier with 10 micro-sec time constant, a Multi-Channel Analyzer (MCA-LiteN), and a Personal computer as data analysis. Alpha spectra of atmosphere showed 4 peaks, 218Po, 214Po and 210Po of U series, and 212Po of Th series.

Last year we newly set up these instruments at Kochi, Choshi, and Kiyosumi. This time we will report results of Kochi, Choshi, and Kiyosumi for about one year. We will also report result of Okayama for two years.


1) Igarashi G., Saeki T., Takahata N., Sano Y., Sumikawa K., Tasaka S., Sasaki Y. and Takahashi M.: Groundwater radon anomaly before the Kobe earthquake, Science, 269, 60-61, 1995

2) Yasuoka, Y. and Shinogi, M.: Anomaly in atmospheric radon concentration: a possible precursor of the 1995 Kobe, Japan, earthquake. Health Physics, 72, 759-761, 1997

3) Nagahama H., Yasuoka Y., Suzuki T., and Homma Y.: Radon Variation in the Air Before the 2011 Tohoku Earthquake (Mw =9.0), Programme and Abstracts, A32-09, The Seismological Society of Japan. 2011, Fall Meeting.

4) Nemoto, M., Tasaka S., Hori H., Okumura K., Kajita T., and Takeuchi Y. : Development of High Sensitive Radon Detector with Electrostatic Collection. Radioisotopes, 46, 710-719, 1997 (Japanese)