[MIS10-P22] A 152-year summer precipitation record reconstructed from tree-ring oxygen isotopes from southern Korea
Keywords:East Asian monsoon, Tree-ring oxygen isotope, Korea
In this study, we collected 5mm core samples from three species (Abies koreana, Pinus koraiensis, and Taxus cuspidata) in Mt. Jiri, southern Korea. Cross-dating was conducted using pattern-matching of ring-width variations among different cores. Then, four core samples for each species were selected for isotopic analysis. Cellulose was extracted from 1mm thick tree-ring laths using the standard chemical protocol. Each ring of the cellulose laths was manually separated using a blade under a microscope. Oxygen isotope ratio (δ18O) of each ring was then determined by an isotope ratio mass spectrometer connected to a pyrolysis-type elementary analyzer. The measurements were performed on tree rings over the last 152 (50) years for Taxus cuspidata (Abies koreana and Pinus koraiensis).
The tree-ring δ18O series were highly correlated with one another within the same species. In addition, three mean chronologies derived by averaging four δ18O series for each species were also strongly correlated with one another, indicating that tree-ring δ18O was not dependent on tree species. Correlation analysis between tree-ring δ18O and meteorological data indicated that tree-ring δ18O was mainly governed by June–July precipitation. In addition, the tree-ring δ18O showed significant correlations with summer precipitation over southwestern Japan, indicating that moisture source signals were preserved in the chronology. Comparison of our data with other tree-ring δ18O chronologies from Japan indicated that the highest correlation was found in the Tateyama site, which is located at the same latitude of the Korean site. This result points out that the Meiyu-Baiu frontal activity plays a role in determining the spatial correlations.