Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[JJ] Evening Poster

M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-IS Intersection

[M-IS11] tsunami deposit

Tue. May 22, 2018 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall7, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Tetsuya Shinozaki(Center for Research in Isotopes and Environmental Dynamics (CRiED), University of Tsukuba), Takashi Chiba(Maritime Disaster Prevention Center), Daisuke Ishimura(首都大学東京大学院都市環境科学研究科地理学教室)

[MIS11-P08] Origin and transport process of tsunami deposits based on the image analysis of gravel particles

*Daisuke Ishimura1, Keitaro Yamada2 (1.Department of Geography, Tokyo Metropolitan University, 2.Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University )

Keywords:Tsunami deposits, Image analysis, Roundness, 2011 Tohoku-oki tsunami

Characteristics of tsunami deposits (e.g., particle size, grain composition, thickness, and sedimentary structure) are the most fundamental information to describe tsunami deposits. These parameters reflect conditions of tsunamis (tsunami height and flow velocity) and might allow us to reconstruct the paleo-tsunami behavior. In this study, based on image analysis, we extracted parameters of gravel particles of tsunami deposits, and estimated origins of tsunami deposits. Moreover, we discuss transport process of tsunami deposits based on variety of roundness.

We applied image analysis to calculate long/short axis lengths, perimeters, areas, aspect ratio, circularity, and roundness. For image analysis, we used gravel particles of tsunami deposits obtained in a trench wall (Ishimura and Miyauchi, 2015), handy-Geoslicer samples (Ishimura et al., 2015) and modern fluvial and beach sediments.
As a result, roundness is the more sensitive parameter than other parameters to characterize fluvial and beach sediments. Based on comparison of roundness values between tsunami deposits and modern fluvial and beach sediments, we quantitatively revealed that gravel particles of tsunami deposits composed of the both of beach and fluvial sediments. Moreover, roundness changes of tsunami deposits from seaside to inland indicate tsunami inundation area and transport process.