[MIS11-P14] Tracing ancient DNA of foraminifera in tsunami deposits
GEN-EX will apply the eDNA approach in two climatically different study areas: (i) the Shetland Islands and (ii) south-central Chile, both of which are known for their well-studied and well-dated tsunami deposits. The Shetland Islands have a temperate oceanic climate, near-shore lakes and coastal peat lowlands which exhibit sand sheets deposited by the submarine Storegga landslide c. 8 ka ago, along with two younger tsunamis dated to c. 5.5 and 1.5 ka (Bondevik et al., 2005). Whereas in the temperate-humid Chaihuin (south central Chile), deposits of the 1960 Chile tsunami and also older historical events have been documented (Garrett et al., 2018) and sampled for a foraminiferal study and DNA extraction.
The main objectives include: (i) quantifying the relationship between water depth and the distribution of different species of foraminifera, using a comparative classic assemblage and metagenomic approach (ii) assessing the potential (based on both approaches), for identifying key indicator species in extreme-wave deposits in different coastal settings and (iii) establishing how metagenomic approaches can contribute to the consistent and reliable differentiation between the sedimentary evidence for storms and tsunamis in coastal settings.
Bondevik, S., Mangerud, J., Dawson, S., Dawson, A., Lohne, Ø., 2005. Evidence for three North Sea tsunamis at the Shetland Islands between 8000 and 1500 years ago. Quat. Sci. Rev. 24, 1757–1775.
Garrett, E., Hocking, E., Melnick, D., Aedo, D., 2018. Did a tsunami accompany the 1737 Chilean earthquake? Contrasting evidence from historical records and coastal sediment. Geophys. Res. Abstr. 20, EGU2018-611.
Szczuciński, W., Pawłowska, J., Lejzerowicz, F., Nishimura, Y., Kokociński, M., Majewski, W., Nakamura, Y., Pawlowski, J., 2016. Ancient sedimentary DNA reveals past tsunami deposits. Mar. Geol. 381, 29–33.