[MIS17-P04] Comparison of methane generation between submarine and sublacustrine environments - the Sea of Okhotsk, Japan Sea, and Lake Baikal -
Keywords:gas hydrate, methane, Sea of Okhotsk, Japan Sea, Lake Baikal
The sediment gas, mainly dissolved gases in pore water, was obtained by the headspace gas method. 10 mL sediment was sampled from the sediment core by a plastic syringe (volume: 5 mL) and put into a 25 mL vial. 10 mL NaCl aqueous solution (saturated) was introduced into the vial by using a micropipette and sealed employing a butyl rubber septum to make a headspace. To avoid any changes in the headspace, the headspace part was flushed by helium. We measured the molecular and isotopic compositions of headspace gases using gas chromatograph and CF-IRMS in our laboratory.
Methane δ13C in almost all samples are plotted between -100‰ and -40‰ in both submarine and sublacustrine environments. On the other hand, distribution of CO2 δ13C in marine and sublacustrine environments are different with each other: the former between -60‰ and +20‰ and the latter between -20‰ and +30‰. Light CO2 in the sea-bottom sediment are produced by an oxidation of light methane around the SMI depth, so-called a methane recycling process (Borowski et al., 1997).
Our data includes not only the field of microbial methane, but also thermogenic methane in both marine and sublacustrine enviroments. Positive relations of δ13C between methane and CO2 were found in both environments (submarine: Tatar Trough, sublacustrine: Kukuy, PosolBank, and Kedr mud volcanoes). CO2 δ13C with thermogenic methane was larger than that with microbial methane, suggesting the existence of microbial effects even in the thermogenic gas.
Borowski WS, Paull CK, Ussler W III (1997) Carbon cycling within the upper methanogenic zone of continental rise sediments; an example from the methane-rich sediments overlying the Blake Ridge gas hydrate deposits. Mar Chem 57: 299-311