[MIS17-P06] Similarities between hot spring gas at the northern Hokkaido area and hydrate-bound gas retrieved at the Tatar Trough (Japan Sea)
Keywords:hot spring gas, gas hydrate, stable isotope, methane, Tatar Trough
We obtained hot spring gases from (1) Kamihoronobe mud volcano and (2) Asahi hot spring, both located at northern Hokkaido in March 2017. We also obtained a natural gas trapped under the lake ice from Lake Nukabira for comparison. Gas samples were collected in 5mL glass vials and small amount of benzalkonium chloride was put as a preservative. Molecular and isotopic compositions of these samples were measured using a gas chromatograph and CF-IRMS.
In the Bernard plot, one of the classification of natural gas, microbial gas field is expressed as lower methane δ13C (light methane) and higher C1/C2, whereas thermogenic gas field is expressed as higher methane δ13C (heavy methane) and lower C1/C2. Gas samples at the Kamihoronobe mud volcano and Asahi hot spring are plotted in the field of higher methane δ13C and higher C1/C2, agree with those of hydrate-bound gas retrieved off Joetsu and Tatar Trough. Isotopes of methane showed that methane of Kamihoronobe mud volcano, Asahi hot spring, gas hydrates from off Joetsu and Tatar Trough are plotted in the field of thermogenic in the Whiticar plot (relation between methane δ13C and δD), while methane in the Lake Nukabira is plotted in the field of microbial via methyl-type fermentation. CO2 δ13C of Kamihoronobe mud volcano was large (+20.3‰), indicating that higher hydrocarbons (ethane, propane, etc.) in the thermogenic gas are consumed by a microbial process, heavy CO2 is generated, and heavy methane is produced via CO2 reduction.
As for other gas compositions, concentrations of helium were 80ppm and 160ppm for Kamihoronobe mud volcano and Asahi hot spring, respectively, while those of hydrogen were around 5ppm for both sites. Because R/RA of helium is less than 1.0 in the area of northern Hokkaido (Kusano et al., 2012), the source of natural gas is not the origin of mantle.
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