[MIS17-P08] Processes of ethane enrichment in hydrate-bound gas at the Kedr mud volcano, Southern Baikal Basin
Keywords:gas hydrate, Lake Baikal, ethane
Kedr and Kedr2 mud volcanoes locate 25km south of Listvyanka, and the distance between them is about 1.5km. They consist of many small mounds and pockmarks related to near-surface gas hydrates. We retrieved 28 sediment cores (including 14 hydrate-bound cores) and 16 cores (including 2 hydrate cores) from Kedr and Kedr2, respectively. Gas hydrate crystals were collected onboard and stored in liquid nitrogen. Samples of hydrate-bound and sediment gases were also obtained and stored in 5mL vials. We obtained the powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD) patterns of the crystals and measured molecular and stable isotope compositions of the gas samples.
PXRD results showed double-structure gas hydrates, composed of the cubic structure I and II, while several sediment cores showed only the structure I or II. We found that δD of ethane in the structure II was around 13‰ smaller than that in the structure I. Methane δD of hydrate-bound gas was around 5‰ smaller than that of sediment gas, suggesting that the gas hydrate is in an equilibrium condition. However, only three cores retrieved from the central pockmark of Kedr mud volcano showed no difference in methane δD between them. These results suggest the idea that gas supply at the central pockmark of Kedr stops and gas hydrate dissociates now. The structure I gas hydrate (composition of ethane: 2-3%) dissociates and forms the structure II, that enriches light ethane according to hydrogen isotope fractionation.