Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[JJ] Evening Poster

M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-IS Intersection

[M-IS17] Gas hydrates in environmental-resource sciences

Tue. May 22, 2018 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall7, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Hitoshi Tomaru(Department of Earth Sciences, Chiba University), Akihiro Hachikubo(Kitami Institute of Technology), Atsushi Tani(神戸大学 大学院人間発達環境学研究科, 共同), Shusaku Goto(Institute for Geo-Resources and Environment National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology)

[MIS17-P14] Geochemical characteristics of hydrocarbons and ions within gas chimney structures in the Tsushima Basin and the Oki Trough, eastern margin of the Japan Sea

*Aya Iguchi1, Hitoshi Tomaru1, Tatsuya Motegi2, Naoto Ishida2, Ryo Matsumoto3 (1.Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Chiba University, 2.Graduate School of Engineering,Tottori University, 3.Gas Hydrate Research Laboratory Meiji University)

Keywords:gas chimney, hydrocarbon gas, Japan Sea

Shallow gas hydrate often develops on gas chimney structures associated with mound/pockmarks in the eastern margin of the Japan Sea, however, the distribution and reaction of gas and ion dissolved in pore water inside the chimney is not well understood. We retrieved sediment cores from the well-developed gas chimneys with mound in the southeastern margin of Tsushima Basin and western and eastern Oki Trough to characterize the geochemical compositions of gas and ion, and compare their variations with regional geology including subsurface/thermal structures.
Concentrations of sulfate dissolved in pore waters rapidly decrease with depth to the sulfate-methane interface (SMI). Contrarily, concentrations of methane increase downward from the depth of the SMI. Methane/ethane ratios are low (<100) above the SMI, however, those rapidly increase below the SMI particularly on the mound sites with gas chimney structure. This is because methane was oxidized anaerobically by the sulfate at the depth of SMI and methane was generated by methanogenic bacteria below the SMI. The thermogenic methane generated at greater depth is also dominant at the gas chimney site where the geothermal gradient is generally high, the distribution of deep-sourced materials are significant near the seafloor in these locations.