[MIS17-P14] Geochemical characteristics of hydrocarbons and ions within gas chimney structures in the Tsushima Basin and the Oki Trough, eastern margin of the Japan Sea
Keywords:gas chimney, hydrocarbon gas, Japan Sea
Concentrations of sulfate dissolved in pore waters rapidly decrease with depth to the sulfate-methane interface (SMI). Contrarily, concentrations of methane increase downward from the depth of the SMI. Methane/ethane ratios are low (<100) above the SMI, however, those rapidly increase below the SMI particularly on the mound sites with gas chimney structure. This is because methane was oxidized anaerobically by the sulfate at the depth of SMI and methane was generated by methanogenic bacteria below the SMI. The thermogenic methane generated at greater depth is also dominant at the gas chimney site where the geothermal gradient is generally high, the distribution of deep-sourced materials are significant near the seafloor in these locations.