Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[JJ] Evening Poster

P (Space and Planetary Sciences) » P-CG Complex & General

[P-CG23] Planetary Magnetosphere, Ionosphere, and Atmosphere

Sun. May 20, 2018 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall7, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Kanako Seki(Graduate School of Science, University of Tokyo), Takeshi Imamura(Graduate School of Frontier Sciences, The University of Tokyo), Naoki Terada(東北大学大学院理学研究科, 共同), Hiroyuki Maezawa(Department of Physical Science Osaka Prefecture University)

[PCG23-P02] On generation, propagation, and dissipation of gravity waves in the Martian upper atmosphere

*Naoki Terada1, Kaori Terada1, Hiromu Nakagawa1, Takeshi Kuroda2, Hitoshi Fujiwara3, Kanako Seki4 (1.Graduate School of Science, Tohoku University, 2.National Institute of Information and Communications Technology, 3.Faculty of Science and Technology, Seikei University, 4.Graduate School of Science, University of Tokyo)

Keywords:Gravity wave, Mars, Thermosphere-exosphere

The exosphere is a collision-less region located in the uppermost layer of a planetary atmosphere. Because of efficient dissipation due to molecular diffusion (molecular viscosity and thermal conduction), any small-scale perturbations are expected to be quickly dissipated in the exosphere. However, recent MAVEN/NGIMS observations revealed that small-scale, large-amplitude perturbations are persistent even above the exobase at Mars [cf. Terada et al., 2017]. We have investigated statistical properties of these perturbations using MAVEN/NGIMS data and examined possible generation, propagation, and dissipation mechanisms using DSMC simulations of the Martian upper thermosphere-exosphere [Terada et al., 2016]. Based on MAVEN/NGIMS data obtained along satellite's tracks as well as DSMC simulations of gravity waves and acoustic waves propagating from the lower and middle atmosphere, constraints on the wavelength and frequency ranges of perturbations are obtained, which favor gravity wave modes with a very long vertical wavelength. Also investigated are properties of perturbations generated by precipitating pickup ions with DSMC simulations based on MAVEN parameters. Possible generation, propagation, and dissipation mechanisms of the perturbations in the Martian thermosphere-exosphere are discussed based on these results.