Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2018

Presentation information

[EE] Evening Poster

P (Space and Planetary Sciences) » P-PS Planetary Sciences

[P-PS03] Small Bodies in the Solar System: Current Understanding and Future Prospects

Wed. May 23, 2018 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall7, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Masateru Ishiguro(Department of Physics and Astronomy, Seoul National University), Taishi Nakamoto(Tokyo Institute of Technology), Masahiko Arakawa(神戸大学大学院理学研究科, 共同), Masanao Abe(Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency)

[PPS03-P17] Polarimetric and Photometric observations of NEAs with the 1.6m Pirka Telescope

*Ryo Okazaki1, Tomohiko Sekiguchi1, Akari Kamada1, Masateru Ishiguro2, Hiroyuki Naito3, Masataka Imai4, Tatsuharu Ono4 (1.Hokkaido University of Education, 2.Seoul National University, 3.Nayoro Observatory, 4.Hokkaido University)

Keywords:NEAs, polarimetric observations, polarization degree, albedo, taxonomy

Polarimetric observations of 3 near-Earth asteroids, 2000 PD3, 2012 TC4 and (3200) Phaethon, were carried out in 2017 using the 1.6m Pirka telescope at the Nayoro Observatory, Hokkaido, as well as BVRIphotometric color observations were conducted for 2000 PD3.

Polarimetry is a useful method for investigating asteroids’ physical properties such as the albedo, regolith particle size and taxonomy of asteroids. In general, Pr (the linear polarization degree) exhibits a strong dependence on the phase angle (Sun-Target-Observer’s angle, α).

2000 PD3
In order to understand Pmax (maximum Polarization degree) , we attempted to obtain polarimetric data at different phase angles (α=22°-120°). A geometric albedo of pv=0.26±0.06% were derived from a limited α range ( 25°-84°) which is in good agreement with that of S-type asteroids. BVRI photometric data (B-V=0.132±0.002mag,V-R=0.114±0.002mag,V-I=0.180±0.002mag) supports S-type classification.

2012 TC4
In October 2017, 2012 TC4 approached to the Earth at about 50,000 km of the closest distance. A fast rotation period about 0.2 hours (Ryan and Ryan, 2017) indicates a monolithic suraface layer which is not covered with a rubble pile. The liner polarization Pr=5.62±5.26% (α=34°) in the R-band is in close accord with that of C-type asteroids, although October run was performed under bad weather.

(3200) Phaethon
This asteroid is widely recognized as the parent body of the Geminid meteoroid stream. In December 2017, we had an opportunity to obtain polarimetric data at extremely large phase angle(α=110°-130°). However, only data down to α=58° were acquired. The results of analysis show Pr=1.58±0.22% (α=34°) and 15.02±0.13% (α=58°) in the V-band, which is consistent with those of low albedo asteroids such as B, F, and D-type.