[PPS05-P14] Numerical Simulations of Plasma and Charged Dust Transport near Lunar Holes
Keywords:the moon, plasma, dust grains, lunar surface charging, vertical hole, particle simulation
The present study addresses the plasma environment of a lunar hole that is accompanied with a subsurface cavern. Besides the topographical effect of having a cavern, an investigation is focused on the following points. The first point is how deeply the solar wind protons are accessible into the hole and cavern. This point is relevant not only to an electric environment but also to possible existence of volatiles at permanently shaded regions of the hole. In order to examine the possibility, we implemented a proton scattering process at lunar surfaces into the simulation model. The other is the role of some minor current components such as secondary electrons, scattered protons, and charged dust grains at the lunar surface. Such minor currents become important for the charging of shaded surfaces, as major current components (solar wind plasma and photoelectrons) are not accessible there. We address these points based on kinetic model descriptions.