[PPS07-P07] Preliminary Report on U-Th-Pb Isotopic Systematics of NWA 7034: Implications for Geochemical Evolution of the Martian Crust
Keywords:The Martian crust, Isotope geochemistry, NWA 7034
We conducted a five step acid leaching experiment  for ~40 mg bulk rock sample of NWA 7034. The trace element abundances (e.g., REEs, U, Th, and Pb) of the five leachates and the residue were measured with a quadrupole ICP-MS. In addition, the Pb isotopic compositions of the same samples were measured with a TIMS. Lead isotopic compositions of the five leachates produced a linear trend passing through an isotopic composition of common terrestrial Pb  in a 207Pb/204Pb-206Pb/204Pb diagram, which implies the effect of terrestrial alteration to the leachate fractions. In contrast, Pb isotopic composition of the acid residue does not participate in the linear trend, suggesting that the residue fraction has not seriously been affected by the terrestrial alteration. This surmise is supported by the REE pattern of the acid residue that is consistent with that of plagioclase in NWA 7034 . To note, plagioclase is the strongest mineral to weathering in NWA 7034 .
Two U-Pb ages were reported for NWA 7533, a pair meteorite of NWA 7034; the older age of 4428 Ma recorded in zircons is interpreted to be the timing of crystallization , while the younger age of 1357 Ma obtained by the measurements of apatites probably represents the resetting age . The Pb isotopic composition of the acid residue falls closely to those of plagioclase altered at 1357 Ma . We determined the initial Pb isotopic composition of NWA 7034 at 1357 Ma using the Pb isotopic composition and 238U/204Pb ratio (= µ) of the acid residue. In addition, Bellucci et al. (2015)  has reported the initial Pb isotopic composition of NWA 7533 at 4428 Ma. Taken together, the initial 206Pb/204Pb ratios of the Martian crust were determined to be 9.89 ± 0.07 and 16.27 ± 0.01 at 4428 and 1357 Ma, respectively. A Pb growth curve with the present µ-value of 7.97 passes through the two Pb isotopic compositions. On the other hand, the Martian mantle has been constrained to have µ-values of 1.8-4.4 by U-Pb analyses of SNC meteorites . This indicates that the Martian crust represented by NWA 7034 has a µ-value about two times higher than that of the Martian mantle.
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