[PPS07-P09] The gravity field and geological features on the surface of Phobos
Keywords:Phobos, Gravity field, Geological features
Using Phobos-fixed frame, Jacobi integral for the restricted three-body problem is calculated. We develop self-gravity field of Phobos according to Newton's law of universal gravitation. Because this method regards the whole body as an aggregation of small mass elements, we can change the mass density of each element. We test three different structural models of Phobos. Model A is homogeneous – using a uniform density. Model B uses a dense sphere inside Phobos surrounded by a less-dense regolith layer. Model C uses a lower density regolith layer of a specified, constant thickness above a denser core. In Models B and C, the density outer layer is a variable ranging from 1.5 to 1.8 g/cm3 in 0.1 g/cm3 increments. In these models, the density of the core is determined based on the measured mass of Phobos. Depending on the value of the orbital eccentricity , the gravitational field is calculated in the case of periapsis, apoapsis, and mean orbital distance.
As a result, we confirmed that some parts of the latest shape model are outside of the Roche lobe in every case. Comparing the shape of the Roche lobe to the Phobos shape model, the major axis of Phobos is always inside the Roche lobe. A small part of both ends of the intermediate axis is outside while, on the minor axis, the north side is outside, and the south side is inside the lobe. In Model B, the value of the calculated the forced libration amplitude sometimes falls outside of the range of error in the observational value. Moreover, it was found that the Jacobi constant changes ~1% between periapsis and apoapsis.
This survey was also conducted for the first time in this study on the global distribution of geological features (boulders and ray craters) that is thought to be affected by the gravitational field of Phobos. In the presentation, we compare the gravity fields in various cases and report on the relation between gravity field and these geological features.
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