[SCG53-P05] Shallow very-low-frequency earthquake activity in the Hyuga-nada region revealed by long-term ocean bottom seismological observation
Keywords:Shallow slow earthquake, Ocean bottom observation, Hyuga-nada
To understand the characteristics of the activity in more detail, we started long-term ocean bottom broad-band observation just above the focal area of the shallow slow earthquake from 2014. During observation, we observed the two types shallow tremor activity: ambient tremor activity in 2014, 2015, 2017, and triggered tremor activity in 2016. The observation shows that the shallow tremor repeatedly occurs in the almost same area, but their activities were quite in variety. These tremor activities were also usually associated with VLEF in spatial and temporal. A predominate frequency of the VLFE recorded by ocean bottom seismometer was approximately 0.05 to 0.1 Hz and an apparent propagation velocity is 0.75~1.0 km/s, which is interpreted as the Airy phase of ocean-acoustic-mode dominant Rayleigh waves [Sugioka et al., 2012].
For more quantitative evaluation of shallow VLFE, we performed the moment tensor inversion under the point source approximation adopted by modeling seismic wave propagation in an inhomogeneous medium using a finite-difference code [OpenSWPC; Maeda et al., 2017]. We used a 2.5-D velocity structure model inferred from an active-source seismic survey in the Hyuga-nada region [Nakanishi et al., in press]. Although the observation was mainly short-period seismometer of dominant frequency with 1 Hz (Lennartz LE-3Dlite), the signal of VLFE can be recognized clearly after deconvolution of instrumental response. Preliminary results show an excellent fit between observed and synthetic waveforms at frequency band of 0.05-0.1 Hz, and moment tensor solutions show a reverse-faulting mechanism located near depths of plate boundary. The duration of moment rate function was at least 10 s that is longer than the ordinary earthquake comparing with approximately same magnitude.
Acknowledgments: This study is supported by the research project for compound disaster mitigation on the great earthquakes and tsunamis around the Nankai Trough region and JSPS KAKENHI Grant Number JP16H06473 and JP17K01328. We used the computer systems of the Earthquake and Volcano Information Center of the Earthquake Research Institute, the University of Tokyo.